Certain myths seem to be interpretations of what people, in ancient times, believed what had happened, according to their own understanding and frame of reference. Many ancient texts from the whole world described beings who came from the heavens. In the Mesopotamiam and Greek mythology they were called gods, in the Tanakh, Bible and Qu'ran they were called angels, and from ancient Persia (todays Iran) and ancient India there are similar stories of supernatural beings who waged war with each other - called the Asuras/Ahuras and the Devas/Daevas - who would exist on a higher plane of reality. And many well known ancient tribal legends from Central and South America are about star beings who came from the heavens to assist humanity.
In modern times, there exists the belief that "heaven" is the place were one goes after death, but the word "heaven" originally referred specifically to the sky and all that is above, including space and the "heavenly bodies", which includes the planets and the stars. Thus, the Sumerian and Akkadian words for "heaven" could be replaced with "above", and in this sense this would mean that these beings came from the skies, or beyond: from outer space.
The theory that the "gods" from ancient mythology were possibly beings of extraterrestrial origin was popularized with the books of Italian journalist and writer Peter Kolosimo (most notably: "Non e terrestre" (1968) ; which translates to "Not of this World"), and the later Swiss author Erich von Däniken with his book: "Chariots of the Gods? (1968)". This point of view was later dubbed as the so-called "Ancient Astronaut Theory".
Born in Russia and grown up
in Palestine, American writer Zecharia Sitchin
(1920-2010) studied old and new Hebrew, and all sorts of Semitic and
European languages, and had great knowledge of the Old Testament.
Sitchin's work is about his own translation and re-interpretation of
the ancient Sumerian clay tablets and seems to fuel some more
credibilty to the "Ancient Astronaut Theory". His hypotheses are not
widely accepted by scientists and academics, who often dismiss his work
as pseudoscience and pseudohistory.
At the time Sitchin wrote his first book: "The 12th Planet" (1976), only specialists could read the Sumerian writings. Using his knowledge of ancient texts, he researched and re-translated the ancient Sumerian writings according to his own interpretations which happened to differ at certain points from the previous translations of others.
Because of his books he received a lot of controversy from the scientic world. He is often brought into discredit because of certain incorrect translations and incorrect astronomical and scientific information. But let us consider that when Sitchin wrote his first book about this topic, there was not as much knowlegde of Sumerian language as we have today, by a long shot, and thus in many cases he had to rely on his own speculation.
Based on certain ancient depictions and artifacts, Sitchin also
assumed that the Anunnaki used space rockets in the ancient past. On
inspection, it often became clear that these just depicted mountains
(drawn in a
simplistic way), obelisks or menhirs. This kind of
evidence was often not
very convincing and decisive.
His later book: "The Lost Book of Enki" was also criticized because Sitchin would have formed many different myths and legends into one fitting story. Many scholars are convinced these stories are not related to each other, but one cannot deny that it is surely remarkable that there are many similarities between the myths of different ancient civilizations. For example, many civilizations have a myth of a great flood.
He also pointed out numerous similarities between certain gods from different ancient civilizations, including the Mesopotamian (Sumerian/Akkadian/Babylonian), Egyptian, Greek/Roman and Norse/German civilizations, that raised the suggestion that they possibly could have been the very same dieties, although differently named based on the language of the civilization.
Besides all criticism, substantionally Sitchin's translation actually doesn't differ that much from other translations such as from the famed Assyriologist Samuel Noach Kramer (1897-1990), but with the distinct difference however that these gods weren't just being regarded as "divine" beings, but as beings which actually came from another planet, and that they were directly related to those that were called the "sons of God" in the book of Genesis from the Bible.
According to Sitchin's translations, the Sumerian clay tablets are about the long and detailled story of technologically advanced humanoid beings from another planet outside our solar system. They would have called this planet: "Nibiru". Explorers of this far away planet would have come to earth some hundreds of thousands of years ago (about 444,000 BC) with the purpose to mine gold to save the atmosphere of their dying home planet. In ancient texts they were referred to as the "Anunnaki" (also transcribed as: Anunna, Anunnaku, Ananaki and other variations).
Sitchin believed that this planet - that would have been called "Marduk" in Babylonian and "Nibiru" in Sumerian times - was a planet that originally resided outside our solar system. This is questionable however, as certain researchers concluded that "Marduk" was the ancient name for the planet Jupiter, and Nibiru or "Nibru" was actually the Sumerian name for the city Nippur. (Source: Wikipedia) Of course, this could also mean that perhaps this city was named after their home planet. Could it be that the planet that had been called Nibiru was actually Jupiter instead of another planet outside our solar system?
Could there once have been another,
now lost planetary body that once had been within our solar system? During the 18th
century, in the view of the now-discredited "Titius-Bode Law"
(a rule that predicts the spacing of the planets in the Solar
System), it was considered that once yet another planet had existed
in our Solar System between Mars and Jupiter. This planet was given
names like "Phaeton" and "Astera" by astronomers.
(The Greek word "astra" means "star", and the
word "asteroid" is derived from this.) This planet may
also have been known as "Maldek" in Theosophical
circles, that had exploded a very long time ago and its debris would have formed the ring
we know today as the "asteroid belt" between Mars and
Jupiter. Could it be that Nibiru was Maldek?
Although we can say now - with our current much better understanding of
the Sumerian language - that not all what Zecharia Sitchin assumed was
true, does not discredit the common thread that is running through his
theory; That in the ancient past there had been humanoid
extraterrestrials from another planet that came to earth, who were
later revered as gods and rulers. Despite not
being widely accepted by scientists and academics, Zecharia Sitchin's
theory still remains today's most scientifically proven one regarding
the "Ancient Astronaut Theory".
Print of cylinder seal VA 243. According to Zecharia Sitchin the dots above-left appear to be the planets
of our solar system with the inclusion of the moon, the sun (in the centre) and one extra planet: Nibiru.
The view that the Anunnaki were extraterrestrial visitors is also shared by many psychic intuitives around the world. Already since ancient times, mankind would have been visited by beings whose origins were not of this earth, and the "humanoid" life form originated from other places in the universe.
Dutch trance medium Daan Akkerman (www.esoterischgenootschap.nl) explained in his book: "Atlantis en ufo's" (2003) (revised English version: "Lanto 1: Atlantis"), that these "visitors" who had been mentioned on the Sumerian clay tablets, were advanced spiritual beings who came from the planet Mars (who originally were from the star constellation of Orion) and came to earth to mine gold in an attempt to restore the atmosphere of the planet Mars. (According to Zecharia Sitchin's translation this would be the planet Nibiru instead of Mars.) They were these angels from the ancient texts who already visited the earth since the early time of Lemuria and they had created mankind in their final form. They directed these great series of developments. However, there was a certain group of angels who saw the image of man as their own property; They looked upon it as the most beautiful creation they had ever made, and therefore they wanted to own it and connect with it. These angels (known as the "fallen angels" in the book of Enoch) copulated with the human females, and because of this there were born many mutants. (See the chapter: "The sons of God and the Daughters of Man.")
During the time of Atlantis they would have been frequent visitors to mankind, offering knowlegde. The civilization of Atlantis would have been in contact with so-called "space ships" from various galaxies. During these times, man also would had been able to travel as a complete transperant being to the many planets in so-called "space ships", which were made from a transperant material and had a form that is currently not known on Earth. According to Daan Akkerman, on far away planets it shall once be discovered that huge buildings, like the megalithic pyramids on the earth, would have been in existence for a long time (see the chapter: "Life on Mars in the Ancient Past") and that these buildings are actually "reflections and mirages of something that actually exists for a long time in the Cosmos" (stars and constellations?). Scientists will then be convinced that man is actually not from the earth and that he came into his current form of density because of the earthly structures.
The book "Re-member" (2000), written by Steve Rother who alledgedly channels a collective of souls who he calls "the Group", tells about a group of renegades from a neighbouring planet who wanted to conquer the human race during the early history of mankind. In this period they were called "gods" because they believed they were better than themselves. The original meaning of the conquerers was to create a race of submissive beings. They were called renegades because their behaviour mostly was not tollerated on the planet were they came from. As a result there were times in history were slaverny was deemed acceptable. In their attempts to control the human race, this race changed their DNA and fused it with their own DNA. Therefore they are now regarded as one of the six root races. Finally the idea of a submissive race was given up. During this time, the renegades who took control were reunited again with their elders. In the later years these renegades and their elders did much to help humanity to become independant themselves, before they left the planet completely. (More in the chapter: "Forbidden Fruits".)
According to the readings of trance clairvoyant Dr. Douglas James Cottrell, there already had been intelligent "human" life on Mars since some 30 billion years ago, but ultimately had to flee to other planets, including earth, because of a great catastrophy. (More about his readings about Mars in the chapter: "Life on Mars in the Ancient Past: Dr. Douglas Cottrell about Mars".)
Regression hypnotherapist Dolores Cannon obtained her
information from the memories of past lives of certain of her
her book: "The Convoluted Universe (2001)" (pages 34 and 35) her
hypnotized subject revealed that many eons ago there where people (from
a planet called "Tyrantus") who
came to Earth that had vast knowlegde of the universe. This happened
during a time when there were already others living on the planet, but
who were not as knowledgeable. Even though it was meant to
bring the level of the Earth beings to a higher existence with their
knowlegde, they decided to keep it to themselves and enslaved those who
were not as knowledgeable. They told them things that were not so, to
frighten them into serving them. They were thought of as gods because
they could do things that were unusual to them.
Also, in her book: "Jesus and the Essenes" (1992), she stated that the "Watchers" from the Bible were not from this planet; They were extraterestrial beings that took the form of human beings, either physical, or in an energy form (light body), or they incarnated into a human body.