Certain myths seem to be interpretations of what people, in ancient times, believed what had happened, according to their own understanding and frame of reference. Many ancient texts from the whole world described beings who came from the heavens. In the Mesopotamiam and Greek mythology they were called gods, in the Tanakh, Bible and Qu'ran they were called angels, and from ancient Persia (todays Iran) and ancient India there are similar stories of supernatural beings who waged war with each other - called the Asuras/Ahuras and the Devas/Daevas - who would exist on a higher plane of reality. And many well known ancient tribal legends from Central and South America are about star beings who came from the heavens to assist humanity.
In modern times, there exists the belief that "heaven" is the place were one goes after death, but the word "heaven" originally referred specifically to the sky and all that is above, including space and the "heavenly bodies", which includes the planets and the stars. Thus, the Sumerian and Akkadian words for "heaven" could be replaced with "above", and in this sense this would mean that these beings came from the skies, or beyond: from outer space.
The theory that the "gods" from ancient mythology were possibly beings of extraterrestrial origin was popularized with the books of Italian journalist and writer Peter Kolosimo (most notably: "Non e terrestre" (1968) ; which translates to "Not of this World"), and the later Swiss author Erich von Däniken with his book: "Chariots of the Gods? (1968)". This point of view was later dubbed as the so-called "Ancient Astronaut" Theory".
Born in Russia and grown up
in Palestine, American writer Zecharia Sitchin
(1920-2010) studied old and new Hebrew, and all sorts of Semitic and
European languages, and had great knowledge of the Old Testament.
Sitchin's work is about his own translation and re-interpretation of
the ancient Sumerian clay tablets and seems to fuel some more
credibilty to the ancient astronaut theory. His hypotheses are not
widely accepted by scientists and academics, who often dismiss his work
as pseudoscience and pseudohistory.
At the time Sitchin wrote his first book: "The 12th Planet" (1976), only specialists could read the Sumerian writings. Using his knowledge of ancient texts, he researched and re-translated the ancient Sumerian writings according to his own interpretations which happened to differ at certain points from the previous translations of others.
Because of his books he received a lot of controversy from the scientic world. He is often brought into discredit because of certain incorrect translations and incorrect astronomical and scientific information. But let us consider that when Sitchin wrote his first book about this topic, there was not as much knowlegde of Sumerian language as we have today, by a long shot, and thus in many cases he had to rely on his own speculation.
Sitchin assumed that the Anunnaki used rockets in the ancient past
and showed in his book and during his presentations images of objects
that were according to him were ancient rockets, but more likely were
mountains, obelisks or menhirs. Often this kind of evidence was not
very convincing and decisive.
His later book "The Lost Book of Enki" was also criticized because Sitchin would have formed many different myths and legends into one fitting story, Many scholars are convinced these stories are not related to each other, but one cannot deny that it is remarkable that there are definitely similarities between old myths. Many civilizations for example speak of a great flood. Besides all criticism, substantionally Sitchin's translation actually doesn't differ much from other translations such as from the famed Assyriologist Samuel Noach Kramer (1897-1990), but with the distinct difference however that these gods weren't just being regarded as "divine" beings, but as beings which actually came from another planet.
According to his translation these tablets are about the long story of technologically advanced humanoid beings from another planet outside our solar system they referred to as "Nibiru", who came to earth some hundreds of thousands of years ago (about 444,000 BC) with the purpose to mine gold to save the atmosphere of their dying home planet. In ancient texts they were referred to as the "Anunnaki" (also transcribed as: Anunna, Anunnaku, Ananaki and other variations).
Sitchin believed that this planet - that would have been called "Marduk" in Babylonian and "Nibiru" in Sumerian times - was a planet that originally resided outside our solar system. This is questionable however, as certain researchers concluded that "Marduk" was the ancient name for the planet Jupiter, and Nibiru or "Nibru" was actually the Sumerian name for the city Nippur. (Source: Wikipedia)
Print of cylinder seal VA 243. According to Zecharia Sitchin the dots above-left appear to be the planets
of our solar system with the inclusion of the moon, the sun (in the centre) and one extra planet: Nibiru.
Numerous psychic intuitives stated that the "humanoid" life form does not only exists on planet Earth and that it had its earlier origins from other places in the universe. To mention the information of but a few:
Dutch trance medium Daan Akkerman (www.esoterischgenootschap.nl) explained in his book: "Atlantis en ufo's" (2003) (revised English version: "Lanto 1: Atlantis"), that these "visitors" who had been mentioned on the Sumerian clay tablets, were advanced spiritual beings who came from the planet Mars (who originally were from the star constellation of Orion) and came to earth to mine gold in an attempt to restore the atmosphere of the planet Mars. (According to Zecharia Sitchin's translation this would be the planet Nibiru instead of Mars.) They were these angels from the ancient texts who already visited the earth since the early time of Lemuria and they had created mankind in their final form. They directed these great series of developments. However, there was a certain group of angels who saw the image of man as their own property; They looked upon it as the most beautiful creation they had ever made, and therefore they wanted to own it and connect with it. These angels (known as the "fallen angels" in the book of Enoch) copulated with the human females, and because of this there were born many mutants. (See the chapter: "The sons of God and the Daughters of Man.")
During the time of Atlantis they would have been frequent visitors to mankind, offering knowlegde. The civilization of Atlantis would have been in contact with so-called "space ships" from various galaxies. During these times, man also would had been able to travel as a complete transperant being to the many planets in so-called "space ships", which were made from a transperant material and had a form that is currently not known on Earth. According to Daan Akkerman, on far away planets it shall once be discovered that huge buildings, like the megalithic pyramids on the earth, would have been in existence for a long time (see the chapter: "Life on Mars in the Ancient Past") and that these buildings are actually "reflections and mirages of something that actually exists for a long time in the Cosmos" (stars and constellations?). Scientists will then be convinced that man is actually not from the earth and that he came into his current form of density because of the earthly structures.
The book "Re-member" (2000), written by Steve Rother who alledgedly channels a collective of souls who he calls "the Group", tells about a group of renegades from a neighbouring planet who wanted to conquer the human race during the early history of mankind. In this period they were called "gods" because they believed they were better than themselves. The original meaning of the conquerers was to create a race of submissive beings. They were called renegades because their behaviour mostly was not tollerated on the planet were they came from. As a result there were times in history were slaverny was deemed acceptable. In their attempts to control the human race, this race changed their DNA and fused it with their own DNA. Therefore they are now regarded as one of the six root races. Finally the idea of a submissive race was given up. During this time, the renegades who took control were reunited again with their elders. In the later years these renegades and their elders did much to help humanity to become independant themselves, before they left the planet completely. (More in the chapter: "Forbidden Fruits".)
According to the readings of trance clairvoyant Dr. Douglas James Cottrell, there already had been intelligent "human" life on Mars since some 30 billion years ago, but ultimately had to flee to other planets, including earth, because of a great catastrophy. (More about his readings about Mars in the chapter: "Life on Mars in the Ancient Past: Dr. Douglas Cottrell about Mars".)
Regression hypnotherapist Dolores Cannon obtained her information from the memories of past lives of certain of her volunteers. In her book: "Jesus and the Essenes" (1992), she stated that the "Watchers" from the Bible were not from this planet; They were extraterestrial beings that took the form of human beings, either physical, or in an energy form (light body), or they incarnated into a human body. Her book: "Starcrash" (1994) told about the memories of a past life of a woman where a spacecraft crashed in the Alaska-Canada region thousands of years ago, and that there were actually many more "visitors" throughout the ages who came to Earth for different reasons.
The Austrian philosopher, writer, architect, social reformer and esotericist Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner wrote in his book: "Atlantis and Lemuria" (1911), about beings with super-human qualities of souls and spirit; higher spirits who assumed a human form. They were once the guides and leaders of mankind, although "their true home was not of this earth". (See page 38 of Steiner's book.) At the times before the destruction of Atlantis, mankind percieved the world of the gods in his sleep, and it were those memories of these gods that were expressed in the mythology of the later Germanic, Norse and Greco-Roman cultures. Man then was a spiritual being during the night where the divine beings were his companions and thus he did not need to prove the existence of gods. (See lecture 3 of "Egyptian Myths and Mysteries".) This information probably originated from the Theosophical Society, were Rudolf Steiner once was closely linked with. (The Theosophical Society was established by Helena Blavatsky.)