The original discovery of Sumerian civilization between the Tigris and Euphrates, by archaeologists in the 1870s, was due to the consideration of biblical scriptures about Shinar (a possible variant of the name "Shumer"). Shin"Ar or Sumer translates to "Land of the Watchers". (In the sense of "those who observe".)
Sumerians had a flourishing culture and wrote all kinds of
things like we would do today on clay tablets in cuneiform script,
including: rules, laws, poetry, and stories (myths). These are
currently the earliest recognized forms of writing. It is characterized
composition of wedge-shaped formations and was used by the Sumerians,
Akkadians (Assyrians/Babylonians) and Persians. In the 1760s, Karsten
Biebuhr brought back bricks with cuniform from a dig in Egypt, Arabia,
and Syria. In 1802, Georg Friedrich Grotefend, a German school teacher,
was the first to decipher the Sumerian writings thanks to the
Behistun-inscription that was in multiple cuneiform languages: Old
Persian, Elamite and Old Babylonian. (In a similar way as with the
Old Testament from the Bible originated from the Tanakh of Judaism and
the first five
books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri and Deuteronomium, are known
as the Torah. Certain
Sumerian and Babylonian myths are
quite similar to those ancient scriptures including the Tanakh and thus
also the Old Testament of Christianity, but the Sumerian myths are
known to be much older. This implifies that these Biblical stories of
probably originated from earlier Sumerian and Babylonian myths.
Abraham, the first patriarch of the people of Israel, was born in the Sumerian city of Ur, from where he later migrated with his family to Canaan (which is now roughly corresponding to modern-day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, and the western parts of Jordan and Syria.) Abraham probably grew up with these Sumerian myths, and that would explain the similarities. For many generations and hundreds of years, the descendants of Abraham had been retold their stories until they were finally written down in the Torah; the first five books of the Tanakh. This was probably done by Moses; the founder of the Israelite religion, as he could write because of his education at the Egyptian court.
From: "Myths of Enki, the Crafty God", by Samuel Noah Kramer (world renowned Assyriologist and one of the foremost authorities on the ancient Sumerian language and literature) and John R. Maier:
"Sumerian literature contained a number of literary forms and themes found much later in the Bible... there are many parallels to Sumerian literature in biblical themes." (- p.154)
Even the texts side by side are similar:
"The gods smelled the savor" (Atrahasis III,v,34)
"The gods smelled the sweet savor" (Gilgamesh XI, 160)
"And the Lord smelled the sweet savor..." (Genesis 8:21)
remarkable difference between the modern Mespotamian myths and the
Bible, is that in the Mesopotamian myths there is the mention of the
word "gods" in place of the "LORD". This is because the word "Elohim",
from the original ancient Hebrew text, had not been translated
enough. In the modern Bible the ancient Hebrew word "Elohim" had
been translated as the "LORD", and in more recent versions and
revisions, it was even translated as "God". According to the original
teachings, the word "Elohim" is plural and
literally translates to "Godly beings".
1:26 even clearly mentions:
"God (Elohim) said: Let us make man in our own image."
"The Creation of Man" by Michaelangelo (at the Sistine Chapel).
This message also echoes throughout Greek mythology, where it is stated that man was created in the image of the "gods", and the section of the early Sumerian epic of creation: the "Enûma Eliš", in which the "gods" did create mankind (ch. 6:4).
The earlier mentioned "Chronicle Project" re-translated "Elohim" as the "Originators". So the notion of "Elohim" on itself would refer to a hierarchy of spiritual beings involved with creation.
In his work: "Yad ha-Chazakah: Yesodei ha-Torah", the medieval philospher Moses Maimonides (1135-1204) counts ten ranks of angels in the Jewish angelic hierarchy. Here the "Elohim" - translated as: "Godly beings" - are ranked at nr.7, below the "Malakhim" (messengers, angels) and above "Bene Elohim": "Sons of Godly beings" (the "sons of God" who were mentioned in the Old Testament from the Bible). The hierarchy is described as following:
According to a lecture of Austrian philosopher, writer, architect, social reformer and esotericist Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861-1925), there would exist higher beings without a physical body who are connected with the evolution of mankind. From his lecture: "Egyptian Myths and Mysteries, Lecture 5":
"...in the fullness of the light there should also live all those other high beings who, although not assuming a physical body, were connected with the evolution of man: Angels, Archangels and Principalities. But not only were these present. In the fullness of the light lived still higher beings also: the Powers, or Exusiai, or Spirits of Form; the Virtues, or Dynameis, or Spirits of Motion; the Dominions, or Kyriotetes, or Spirits of Wisdom; those spirits who are called the Thrones, or Spirits of Will; finally, in looser connection with the fullness of the light, more and more detaching themselves therefrom, the Cherubim and Seraphim. The earth was a world inhabited by a whole hierarchy of lower and higher beings, all sublime."
to numerous esoteric sources and channeled messages from psychic
intuitives; in the beginning
there only was the Oneness that was later given many names
including: God, Allah, the Divine, the Source, the Creator,
the Great Spirit, Nature, the Christos, the Nameless One. (George Lucas
called it: the
"Force" in his movie Star Wars (1977), but unfortunately it seems that
to this day it is rarely understood as a concept for a transcendent God
that is within everything.) Because of the desire of companionship and
to create, explore and experience the Self, the Oneness took the form
of a large multitude of "souls".
As the "sons" or "children" of God now had the possibility to act
independant from each other, one had free will to make their own
Figuratively spoken - like the cells in a body - one is in a certain way on its own but also connected together as a one whole or "(w)holy" Spirit. (The word: "holy" had been derived from the word "whole": "(w)holy" or to be whole.) When seen from the most high perspective, any form of separation is nothing more than an illusion as we are all connected, as every soul is connected with each other on an energetic level - even as though most people are not aware of this. That is why it is good to feel affection and appreciation for and from each other. In addition, this connection creates a field of knowledge, wisdom and other information, and is also the source where intuitive information comes from including: strong forebodings, deja-vu's, prophetic dreams and the insights of psychic intuitives.
part of these
souls wished to experience Its own Creation by exploring the Universe
in bodies of their own, which came at the expense of a drop in
consciousness and knowledge of its Divine origin whereby the "ego", or
the personality, was formed by which one could experience the illusion
of separation; like *if* they were really separated from each other and
the rest of the Cosmos. Other souls that we know as
the Arch-angels usually never departed and remained loyal to
the Source and therefore they kept the most elevated and unadulterated
form of consciousness. This is explained very well in the book: "The
Children of the Law of One & The Lost Teachings of Atlantis" (1997)
by Jon Peniel.
Psychic intuitives Edgar Cayce and Dr. Douglas James Cottrell spoke during their own readings several times about the so-called "Law of One"; a law, religion or possibly a science, that formed the essential, very early basis for a number of the current world religions. According to Jon Peniel's book, the connectedness of all had been once known as a scientific fact during the technological advanced times of the currently "lost" civilization of Atlantis. Evidence for this can be found in certain ancient texts, especially the ancient occult (which means: "hidden") knowledge and the ancient traditional knowlegde from the far east (such as the chakra system and acupuncture) which is not or little understood by today's science because they have not yet reached that level of understanding. The mythical Greek sage Hermes Trismegistus - prophet and spiritual leader of hermetism - saw the reality as one organic, living organism wherin all was related to each other, and in the Gospel of Thomas from the Nag Hammadi codex the notion had been made that we are all "children of the light" - which is remarkable because now in present time we can prove (again?) that light is in fact a form of energy, vibration and frequency.
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