Ancient Mesopotamia is the area corresponding to modern-day Iraq and to a lesser extent northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran. It is also known as the 'land of rivers" because it is located in the area between the two rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates, which were already mentioned as early as in the book "Genesis" from the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), that is known as "Bereesjiet" in the Torah. The Tanakh was adapted later by Christianity in the Old Testament and therefore its content is (with the exception of a few passages from the Book of Daniel which had been written in Aramaic) hardly different from the original Old-Hebrew text. The books are ordered differently however.
Map of the ancient near east.
Certain ancient Mesopotamian myths, including the myths of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians and Babylonians, have remarkable similarities with the stories of the Tanakh and the Old Testament. It is known that these ancient Mesopotamian stories are much older and sometimes even more detailled. For example: The story about the person Utnapistim from the Gilgamesh epic is very similar to the flood story that is mentioned in the book of Genesis in the Bible and the Tanakh. This would imply that, these "Bible stories", probably would have their roots in those earlier myths - instead of a diversion, what often had been thought.
The Bible is essentially a compilation of ancient texts, selected by the early church fathers. These texts deeply illustrate the beliefs and dogmas of an ancient culture. However, texts that people weren't supposed to read - because they were not in accordance to the current general Christian orthodox belief - were labeled as uncanonical and were purposely left out in the Bible, and this includes all works that were seen as apocryphal and Gnostic, like the "Book of Enoch", even though the canonical text Genesis 5:24 makes a very shortly reference to this man called Enoch:
"Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away."
The full version of the book of Enoch was once thought to be lost, but fortunately this book was later discovered again within the Ethiopian version of the Bible, where this book never had been excluded.
Possibly, one might think that it could affect the stability and integrity of the Christian community as these books, which are still criticized within the orthodox Christian community, were to be officially added to the Bible.
Already since in the days of early Christianity there was the division between traditional Christianity and Gnosticism. Just because the oldest known scriptures (the Nag Hammadi codices) are typically Gnostisic in nature, it is clear that early Christianity was originally much closer to the Gnostic teachings compared to the traditional Christian teachings that at a certian time became the national religion of Rome and which from there did spread to other countries. The consequence was that the Roman Catholic Church became a very powerful organization in a number of European countries and its inhabitants - often followers of Pagan nature religions - were forced to convert themselves to the new religion of Christianity, otherwise one was sentenced to death.
Within the traditional Christian conceptions of God, there is an unbridgeable distance between man and God, what is quite different in Gnosticism. The fundamental difference between the traditional Christian view and Gnosticism is that not only Jesus Christ is God's son, but each being, and that everything and everyone is part of a total unity that is known in the gnosticism as the "All", or also "the Father". The Father and the Son are symbolic representations where the Father represents the total being while the Son is what is derived from the Father. We are as human beings directly connected with the Source. Dutch philosopher and translator, Bram Moerland, described this as follows (between quotation marks are typical Gnostic concepts):
Like a beam of light is related to the sun, so man is also related to the Source.
We have "the features of the Father".
We are the "heirs of the Father".
The word: "holy" had been derived from the word "whole": "(w)holy" or to be whole. The so-called Holy Trinity in Christianity is a metaphor for the three natures of God:
1. The Father, is the creator;
2. The Son, is which had been created;
3. The Holy Spirit, means that all is one spirit wherein everything exists.
From the texts from the Bible and from the Gnostic texts, it is evident that Jesus of Nazareth knew he was also a son of God, and when he did proclaim this explicitly - as it was his goal to raise the consciousness of the people - he was ultimately crucified on behalf of blasphemy by the Romans. As many Roman emperors were declared as gods by the Roman Senate (generally after their death), those in power were not especially keen on the idea that people would see themselves as part of God and therefore equal to each other.Also according to the traditional Christian community, is the Bible the unchanging "Word of God" and there would never had been any alterations in the Bible. There is however enough evidence that - during the past centuries - many portions of the texts had been ommitted or changed. By comparing the texts from the modern day Bible to the older versions from the Nag Hammadi writings it is actually clear that the original texts differ from the later canon at many thousands of points. (See for many examples the book (Dutch): "Valsheid in geschrifte: de gespleten pen van bijbelschrijvers" (2003) by Jacob Slavenburg.)
In fact, the part of the Bible we know today as the New Testament is actually a translation based on the Greek versions of these writings, as the original Hebrew and Aramaic writings were believed to be lost until the Nag Hammadi writings were discovered. We now know that the name "Jesus" is actually a Greek "conversion" for the Aramaic/Hebrew name: "Yeshua", as both names are verbal derivatives that have the same meaning: "to rescue" or "to deliver". This however does not have to mean that "Yeshua" was really his usual name by which he was called.
In the year 2011, a research group from Canada announced that they found a whole new way to interpret the ancient Hebrew texts from the Old Testament. According to their findings, they discovered that each letter is not a letter at all, but a full word, and what was believed to be a word, is actually a sentence-like description, which supplies the definition of the word. This whole new approach would reveal much more details compared to the usual interpretation. (See this CNN iReport from the 23th of May 2011, and their website www.thechronicleproject.org for more information.) The Chronicle Project stated on their website that are also in the proces of translating the original Aramaic texts that we know today as texts that are part of the New Testament.
Since the discovery of the Nag Hammadi writings it is clear that the church as institution is very a conservative one that chooses to deny this kind of developments over any progress that could possibly cause some change of their own statements and visions. Possibly they think such changes would destabilize the institution but it would appear that actually the opposite is true; Many people lost faith in the Christian Church because it is not receptive for progression, adaptation and renovation, and as a result of this it does not blend that well in these modern times of free thinking and freedom of belief.
Sumerians had a flourishing culture and wrote all kinds of
things like we would do today on clay tablets in cuneiform script,
including: rules, laws, poetry, and stories (myths). These are
currently the earliest recognized forms of writing. It is characterized
composition of wedge-shaped formations and was used by the Sumerians,
Akkadians (Assyrians/Babylonians) and Persians. In the 1760s, Karsten
Biebuhr brought back bricks with cuniform from a dig in Egypt, Arabia,
and Syria. In 1802, Georg Friedrich Grotefend, a German school teacher,
was the first to decipher the Sumerian writings thanks to the
Behistun-inscription that was in multiple cuneiform languages: Old
Persian, Elamite and Old Babylonian. (In a similar way as with the
Old Testament from the Bible originated from the Tanakh of Judaism and
the first five
books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri and Deuteronomium, are known
as the Torah. Certain
Sumerian and Babylonian myths are
quite similar to those ancient scriptures including the Tanakh and thus
also the Old Testament of Christianity, but the Sumerian myths are
known to be much older. This implifies that these Biblical stories of
probably originated from earlier Sumerian and Babylonian myths.
Abraham, the first patriarch of the people of Israel, was born in the Sumerian city of Ur, from where he later migrated with his family to Canaan (which is now roughly corresponding to modern-day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, and the western parts of Jordan and Syria.) Abraham probably grew up with these Sumerian myths, and that would explain the similarities. For many generations and hundreds of years, the descendants of Abraham had been retold their stories until they were finally written down in the Torah; the first five books of the Tanakh. This was probably done by Moses; the founder of the Israelite religion, as he could write because of his education at the Egyptian court.
From: "Myths of Enki, the Crafty God", by Samuel Noah Kramer (world renowned Assyriologist and one of the foremost authorities on the ancient Sumerian language and literature) and John R. Maier:
"Sumerian literature contained a number of literary forms and themes found much later in the Bible... there are many parallels to Sumerian literature in biblical themes." (- p.154)
Even the texts side by side are similar:
"The gods smelled the savor" (Atrahasis III,v,34)
"The gods smelled the sweet savor" (Gilgamesh XI, 160)
"And the Lord smelled the sweet savor..." (Genesis 8:21)
remarkable difference between the modern Mespotamian myths and the
Bible, is that in the Mesopotamian myths there is the mention of the
word "gods" in place of the "LORD". This is because the word "Elohim",
from the original ancient Hebrew text, had not been translated
enough. In the modern Bible the ancient Hebrew word "Elohim" had
been translated as the "LORD", and in more recent versions and
revisions, it was even translated as "God". According to the original
teachings, the word "Elohim" is plural and
literally translates to "Godly beings".
1:26 even clearly mentions:
"God (Elohim) said: Let us make man in our own image."
"The Creation of Man" by Michaelangelo (at the Sistine Chapel).
This message also echoes throughout Greek mythology, where it is stated that man was created in the image of the "gods", and the section of the early Sumerian epic of creation: the "EnŻma Eliš", in which the "gods" did create mankind (ch. 6:4).
The earlier mentioned "Chronicle Project" re-translated "Elohim" as the "Originators". So the notion of "Elohim" on itself would refer to a hierarchy of spiritual beings involved with creation.
In his work: "Yad ha-Chazakah: Yesodei ha-Torah", the medieval philospher Moses Maimonides (1135-1204) counts ten ranks of angels in the Jewish angelic hierarchy. Here the "Elohim" - translated as: "Godly beings" - are ranked at nr.7, below the "Malakhim" (messengers, angels) and above "Bene Elohim": "Sons of Godly beings" (the "sons of God" who were mentioned in the Old Testament from the Bible). The hierarchy is described as following:
According to a lecture of Austrian philosopher, writer, architect, social reformer and esotericist Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861-1925), there would exist higher beings without a physical body who are connected with the evolution of mankind. From his lecture: "Egyptian Myths and Mysteries, Lecture 5":
"...in the fullness of the light there should also live all those other high beings who, although not assuming a physical body, were connected with the evolution of man: Angels, Archangels and Principalities. But not only were these present. In the fullness of the light lived still higher beings also: the Powers, or Exusiai, or Spirits of Form; the Virtues, or Dynameis, or Spirits of Motion; the Dominions, or Kyriotetes, or Spirits of Wisdom; those spirits who are called the Thrones, or Spirits of Will; finally, in looser connection with the fullness of the light, more and more detaching themselves therefrom, the Cherubim and Seraphim. The earth was a world inhabited by a whole hierarchy of lower and higher beings, all sublime."
Angels could be described as discarnated beings that have an interest in the welfare of someone else in the physical world, and can be called upon for guidance and healing. They were mentioned in the Old and New Testament of the Bible, the Tanakh and the Qu'ran, often as messengers ("Malachi") of God. They do not have physical bodies of flesh and blood but are of a metaphysical or "spiritual" (supernatural) nature. Therefore they are usually not visible for human beings, but they would be able to show themselves as a translucent form, shining and flickering like fire. Sometimes could also assume a temporary form that looks identical to an ordinary physical human body (see for example the book of "Daniel" and the book of "Tobit").
German psychic intuitive Ute Kretzschmar, who assumedly channeled two different groups of ascended masters who call themselves "Confucius" and "Kuthumi" (derived from two oriental teachers from the past), described the "Elohim" in her book: "Die Seele in den Meisterjahren" (2003), as an exalted, re-fused complete being existing of souls that completed their cycles of incarnation in the "dual universe" (the part of the universe where "duality" exists). It was the further development of the ascended masters and archangels. They are called "angels" because in that state they are fused with the dimension of angels. This re-fused total being bears the experiences of many in "himself".
Eloha) is the singular form of the plural
word "Elohim", and would translate
"God", or "Godly being". It
had been used in the Tanakh and the Bible, especially in the more
poetic chapters; At six places it is used to describe "pagan" gods
(like in Chronicles 32:15 and Daniel 11:37-8), though in the most cases
it is used to refer to the "God of Israel", known in the Tanakh as
Yaweh (YHWH) and Jehova (JHVH) in the English and Greek Bible. Eloah
also doesn't specifically refers to a male being because this word is
both male and female in the language of Old Hebrew.
The story from the Biblical book Exodus also strongly suggests that the old Israelites were familiar with more gods besides the God of Israel. They actually sung the following during the crossing of the Red Sea (Exodus 15:11):
"Who is like you, O LORD, among the gods?
Who is like you, majestic in holiness,
awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders?" - Exodus 15:11
According to numerous esoteric sources and channeled messages from psychic intuitives; in the beginning there only was the Oneness that was later given many names including: God, Allah, the Divine, the Source, the Creator, the Great Spirit, Nature, the Christos, the Nameless One. (George Lucas called it: the "Force" in his movie Star Wars (1977), but unfortunately it seems that to this day it is rarely understood as a concept for a transcendent God that is within everything.) Because of the desire of companionship and to create, explore and experience the Self, the Oneness took the form of a large multitude of "souls". As the "sons" or "children" of God now had the possibility to act independant from each other, one had free will to make their own choices.
Figuratively spoken - like the cells in a body - one is in a certain way on its own but also connected together as a one whole or "(w)holy" Spirit. When seen from the most high perspective, any form of separation is nothing more than an illusion as we are all connected, as every soul is connected with each other on an energetic level - even as though most people are not aware of this. That is why it is good to feel affection and appreciation for and from each other. In addition, this connection creates a field of knowledge, wisdom and other information, and is also the source where intuitive information comes from including: strong forebodings, deja-vu's, prophetic dreams and the insights of psychic intuitives.
part of these
souls wished to experience Its own Creation by exploring the Universe
in bodies of their own, which came at the expense of a drop in
consciousness and knowledge of its Divine origin whereby the "ego", or
the personality, was formed by which one could experience the illusion
of separation; like *if* they were really separated from each other and
the rest of the Cosmos. Other souls that we know as
the Arch-angels usually never departed and remained loyal to
the Source and therefore they kept the most elevated and unadulterated
form of consciousness. This is explained very well in the book: "The
Children of the Law of One & The Lost Teachings of Atlantis" (1997)
by Jon Peniel.
Psychic intuitives Edgar Cayce and Dr. Douglas James Cottrell spoke during their own readings several times about the so-called "Law of One"; a law, religion or possibly a science, that formed the essential, very early basis for a number of the current world religions. According to Jon Peniel's book, the connectedness of all had been once known as a scientific fact during the technological advanced times of the currently "lost" civilization of Atlantis. Evidence for this can be found in certain ancient texts, especially the ancient occult (which means: "hidden") knowledge and the ancient traditional knowlegde from the far east (such as the chakra system and acupuncture) which is not or little understood by today's science because they have not yet reached that level of understanding. The mythical Greek sage Hermes Trismegistus - prophet and spiritual leader of hermetism - saw the reality as one organic, living organism wherin all was related to each other, and in the Gospel of Thomas from the Nag Hammadi codex the notion had been made that we are all "children of the light" - which is remarkable because now in present time we can prove (again?) that light is in fact a form of energy, vibration and frequency.
The Mesopotamian Dieties
By comparing the texts of the book of Genesis, like the stories of the sons of God, the Deluge and the confusion of tongues (the Tower of Babel story), with the Mesopotamian myths, one should note these stories are not only very similar but also that there is the mention of multiple gods instead of one. The ancient Mesopotamian people knew, like the old Greeks, a whole pantheon of various dieties where each of one had his/her own place within the hierarchy. Like the Greek gods, the Mesopotamian dieties were not seen as the creators of the world but as the almighty rulers of a world which was already in existence.
Today many researchers believe that the mythical gods were invented by man himself. This is because scientific conclusions are often based on tangible evidence, but how can one find evidence for beings that were not physical by definition? Many writings and other testimonials of various ancient cultures share a similar basis where a certain chief god commands a pantheon of "lower" gods (or angels): a certain small seperate group group of individuals here on earth who - to the more simple human beings - seemed to have supernatural powers and actively influenced mankind, animals and the rest of nature. Apparently, who they really were had never been fully explained and it is probable that ancient man also would not had been able to fully comprehend this. (Enoch's writings about his visitations to the various "heavens" under the guidance of angels actually raises more questions than answers because of his limited frame of reference.) From his written dialogues, it is evident that the Old Greek philosopher Plato considered the stories about the Greek gods seriously because part of his philosophy was about them.
The Mesopotamian gods existed of gods of the earth which were known as the "Anunnaki in Sumerian and the "Anunna" in Akkadian cultures, who were also called the "fifty great gods", and the gods of the sky or the heavens: the "Igigi", who were the so-called: "lesser gods". At times the names of Anunnaki and Igigi were used synonymously, what could mean that the Igigi were actually part of the Anunnaki. In the Babylonian myth of creation; the "Enuma Elish", the god Marduk (who triumped over his father Enlil) divided the Anunnaki and assigned them to their proper stations; three hundred in heaven and three hundred on the earth. This also gives an impression of the number of "gods" or that would have been present on and nearby earth.
Where the God with the highest authority was known as the "LORD" (God in modern translations of the Bible) in the Biblical scriptures and the book of Enoch, we find instead either the name "Enlil" (which could be translated to: "Lord of the Storm") or the name of another diety called "Enki" (translates to "Lord of the Earth" and known as "Ea" by the Akkadians"). Enlil was the local chief god who shares similarities with Yahweh: the Biblical God of Abraham and Moses, also called the "God of Israel". Enlil was a stern but righteous god but when he was pushed to his limits he was merciless for anyone who opposed him. So when he saw the creation of modern man as a total failure he did send out the great flood.
His half brother Enki was an alchemist, advisor and a god of fertility and wisdom. He would have been involved with the creation of (modern) man, and therefore he was possibly also known in Greek mythology as the titan Prometheus, who created "mortal man". Enki was also the one who saved the pius man known as: Atrahasis (Akkadian), Utnapishtim (Sumerian) and Noah (by the later Babylonian and Hebrews), and his family from the flood. Because Yahweh insisted that he did not want any other (false) gods besides him, the Jewish doctrine (which founded the basis for Christianity and the Islam) became a doctrine that - from that moment - worshipped only one God instead of multiple gods in earlier times.
Above Enlil and Enki stood the great Anu, the god of the heaven (firmament) and according to ancient Sumerian beliefs the supreme head of the gods. His kingdom was in the expansion of the heavens and is like the Greek god Ouranos (latinized: Uranus) - whose name is similar to the name Anu - known as a personification of the heavens/sky. Possibly, Anu never descended to the earthly material world and maybe he was the so-called oversoul of these gods. According to the stories all other gods of the Anunnaki would be his descendants. His leadership was followed up by the god Enlil, what eventually lead to a conflict with his half brother Enki about who would be the righteous leader. Also the Sumerian goddess Inanna, granddaughter of Enlil and great-granddaugher of Anu, and known by the Akkadians as "Ishtar", has similarities with the Greek goddess Aphrodite, known by the Romans as Venus.
Both the Greek god Zeus and Yaweh the Biblical God ("Deus" is the latin word for "God"), would have dwelled in high mountains; Zeus would have dwelled on mount Olympus (the highest mountain in Greece) and it was mt. Sinai (situated in the Sinai mountains in Egypt) where Moses spoke with God. Yahweh, Zeus, Enlil, and also the nordse god Odin were also likewise depicted as a powerful manly figure with a long (gray or white) beard.
Print of a cylinder seal depicting several gods.
The name "Anunnaki" is generally believed to mean something to the effect of "Those of Royal Blood" (Leick, Gwendolyn: "A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology"), but linguists are actually divided about its true meaning. The name is generally believed to be composed of the following words:
The word Anunnaki is also somewhat similar to the name of the group of giants who are called "Anakim" in old Hebrew or Enkaites in the Biblical book Numbers, 13:32-33, which translates to "long-necked ones". The word "Anakim" is probably not a variantion of the word "Anunnaki" but would be one of the many names given to the giants or more a certain group of giants.
British geologist and author Christian O'Brien mentions the Sumerian gods as the "anunnage". (The word Anunnaki would be a slight mistranslation). The word "annunagi" (or "anunnage") is usually translated as: "the shining ones". These "shining ones" are actually angels, as in the old texts, angels are sometimes described as very bright, glorious and shining beings, shimmering like fire. (Like in chapter 19:1 from the Second Book of Enoch.)
It had also been considered that the word for the "Nagas"; the word for the serpent gods/people who are mentioned in the ancient Vedic scriptures from India, could have been derived from the word "anunnagi". The Nagas called themselved "Devas", a term for all beings that which are on a higher plane of existence, compared to earthly humans. The Avestan word "Daeva" means: "being of shining light".
Certain myths seem to be interpretations of what people, in ancient times, believed what had happened, according to their own understanding and frame of reference. Many ancient texts from the whole world described beings who came from the heavens. In the Mesopotamiam and Greek mythology they were called gods, in the Tanakh, Bible and Qu'ran they were called angels, and from ancient Persia (the nowadays Iran) and ancient India there are similar stories of supernatural beings who waged war with each other - called the Asuras/Ahuras and the Devas/Daevas - who would exist on a higher plane of reality. And many well known ancient tribal legends from Central and South America are about star beings who came from the heavens to assist humanity.
In modern times, there exists the belief that "heaven" is the place were one goes after death, but the word "heaven" originally referred specifically to the sky and all that is above, including space and the "heavenly bodies", which includes the planets and the stars. Thus, the Sumerian and Akkadian words for "heaven" could be replaced with "above", and in this sense this would mean that these beings came from the skies, or beyond: from outer space.The theory that the "gods" from ancient mythology were possibly beings of extraterrestrial origin was popularized with the books of Italian journalist and writer Peter Kolosimo (most notably: "Non e terrestre" (1968) ; which translates to "Not of this World"), and the later Swiss author Erich von Dšniken with his book: "Chariots of the Gods? (1968)". This point of view was later dubbed as the so-called "Ancient Astronaut" Theory".
Because of his books he received a lot of controversy from the scientic world. He is often brought into discredit because of certain incorrect translations and incorrect astronomical and scientific information. But let us consider that when Sitchin wrote his first book about this topic, there was not as much knowlegde of Sumerian language as we have today, by a long shot, and thus in many cases he had to rely on his own speculation.Sitchin assumed that the Anunnaki used rockets in the ancient past and showed in his book and during his presentations images of objects that were according to him were ancient rockets, but more likely were mountains, obelisks or menhirs. Often this kind of evidence was not very convincing and decisive.
His later book "The Lost Book of Enki" was also criticized because Sitchin would have formed many different myths and legends into one fitting story, Many scholars are convinced these stories are not related to each other, but one cannot deny that it is remarkable that there are definitely similarities between old myths. Many civilizations for example speak of a great flood. Besides all criticism, substantionally Sitchin's translation actually doesn't differ much from other translations such as from the famed Assyriologist Samuel Noach Kramer (1897-1990), but with the distinct difference however that these gods weren't just being regarded as "divine" beings, but as beings which actually came from another planet.
According to his translation these tablets are about the long story of technologically advanced humanoid beings from another planet outside our solar system they referred to as "Nibiru", who came to earth some hundreds of thousands of years ago (about 444,000 BC) with the purpose to mine gold to save the atmosphere of their dying home planet. In ancient texts they were referred to as the "Anunnaki" (also transcribed as: Anunna, Anunnaku, Ananaki and other variations).
Sitchin believed that this
"planet" - that would have been called "Marduk" in Babylonian
and Nibiru in
Sumerian times - was actually a planet outside
our solar system. Certain
researchers believe that
was the ancient name for the planet Jupiter, but Nibiru or "Nibru" was
actually the Sumerian name for the city Nippur. (Source: Wikipedia)
Print of cylinder seal VA 243.
According to Zecharia Sitchin the dots above-left appear
to be the planets of our solar system with the inclusion of the
moon, the sun (in the centre) and one extra planet: Nibiru.
Numerous psychic intuitives stated that the "humanoid" life form does not only exists on planet Earth and that it had its earlier origins from other places in the universe. To mention the information of but a few of these psychics:
During the time of Atlantis they would have been frequent visitors to mankind, offering knowlegde. The civilization of Atlantis would have been in contact with so-called "space ships" from various galaxies. During these times, man also would had been able to travel as a complete transperant being to the many planets in so-called "space ships", which were made from a transperant material and had a form that is currently not known on Earth. According to Daan Akkerman, on far away planets it shall once be discovered that huge buildings, like the megalithic pyramids on the earth, would have been in existence for a long time (see the chapter: "Life on Mars in the Ancient Past") and that these buildings are actually reflections and mirages of something that actually exists for a long time in the Cosmos (stars and constellations). Scientists will then be convinced that man is actually not from the earth and that he came into his current form of density because of the earthly structures.
The Garden of Eden
The Anunnaki's mining operation on earth was in charge of two half-brothers with the titles of Enlil "Lord of Heaven" (which Sitchin translates to: "Lord of the Command"; the mission commander, usually translated as "Lord of the Wind") and Enki, "Lord of the Earth". Because the work was too heavy for the small workforce, they genetically altered the most intelligent and capable species available, which was posssibly the African "Homo Erectus".
In Genesis, the first book of the Bible, there is already the mention of gold and had apparently been found in abdundance in the land of "Havilah". From Genesis 2:10-12:
"10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.
11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.
12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)"
According to Sitchin's translation and interpretation, the Anunnaki practically tried to create a primitive slave species to aid in their work. The goal was to create a type of worker that was capable enough, but not too intelligent to question and resist their work. However, the scientist Enki, who conducted the genetic work, later decided to make this species more intelligent (against the will of Enlil, the commander) and so a species closer to modern man came into existence: first the "AdaMites" and later the "AdaPites"; the "Civilized Humans". (This is probably from where the name "Adam" orginated, because the Hebrew word Adam can also refer to a group as a whole as it can be translated as: "earth", "man" and "mankind".) These ancient genetic interventions could be the reason why todays archaeologists are still not able to find the supposed "missing link" between the apeman and modern man.
Author Shirley Andrews suggests in her book: "Atlantis: Insights from a Lost Civilization" (1997), that this modified race could be the race of Cro-Magnon man; the oldest known modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) in Europe. Because of their larger brain capacity, it may be possible that the Cro-Magnons were the first Adapites; the "Civilized Humans". "Civilized" is to be understood as that civilians lived in cities, by which they differentiated themselves from barbaric communities.
If the Sumerian "myth" is true, it could possibly mean that: Modern man would actually be a hybrid being, genetically altered by these technologically advanced extraterrestrial beings who mixed some of their own genes with the genes of the apeman of the earth, resulting in the creation of a new human race that likely became gradual intermixed with the other available races in time that made the human race larger, stronger and more intelligent.
In November 2013, revolutionary results from genome analysis were presented at a meeting on ancient DNA at the Royal Society in London that suggested that interbreeding went on between the members of several ancient human-like groups in Europe and Asia more than 30,000 years ago, including a yet-unknown human ancestor from Asia that is neither modern human, Neanderthal or Homo Denisova. (Source: nature.com) This shows that, for modern science, there are still many unanswered questions about the origins of mankind on earth.
In the Akkadian myths we find the story of "Adapa and the Food of Life", from the El-Amarna tablets (see: www.sacred-texts.com/ane/adapa.htm), which had been dated at the fifteenth century BC. According to the story, Adapa was the son of the god Ea - known as Enki by the Sumerians - and he was both half god and half man, and therefore he had superiour intelligence compared to ordinary man but did not have eternal life, as the gods did. His name could have to do with the word: "to adapt", perhaps because he could adapt to the gods' level of civilization. He had the right to live in the garden of the gods, called the Garden of Eridu (possibly the Biblical: "Eden"). Eridu was regarded as the world's first city in Mesopotamian tradition. Because of the similarities between the story of the Garden of Eden and the myth about the garden of Eridu, the Biblical Adam could be the same person as the Akkadian "Adapa". According to the Biblical story, the serpent actually seduced Eve to eat from the forbidden fruit, but in the Akkadian version there is however no mention of a spouse for Adapa, and there was never found a Sumerian counterpart of the Adapa legend.
If we read the book of Genesis from the Bible carefully it seems that there where more people that lived on the earth at that time, apart from Adam, Eve and their siblings. Firstly, there has been described that Cain - one of the sons of Adam and Eve - would have found a wife in the land of Nod to which he was exiled after he had slain his brother Abel and then Cain became worried that he would find people who would kill him, because of his deed. From where could this woman and other people came from if Adam, Eve, Cain and Abel really were the first humans on earth? What is mentioned in the Jewish scriptures, but is absent in the Biblical text, is that Adam and Eve also had daughters, what might explain the presence of this woman and these other people. This however would be unlikely because why would one of their daughters venture alone in a far away land of exile?
The god Enki (Ea) was also known by the Sumerians as the "ushumgal", which translates to: "great serpent" or "dragon", and according to both the Sumerian and Akkadian myths, he planted a great fruit tree in his garden at Eridu which was called the "Mes"-tree and another wonderous tree called the Gishin (Sumerian) or Kiskanu (Akkadian). This is quite similar to the story of Adam and Eve in the Book of Genesis in the Bible where there is a tree of "Knowlegde of Good and Evil" and a tree "of eternal life" and a certain "serpent" who dwelled there.
In the Babylonian "epic of Gilgamesh", king Gilgamesh sought the secret of eternal life and ultimately found this in a plant which he unfortunately lost on his return. It is remarkable that both the Kishkanu and the plant of eternal life are described as growing in the water. Possibly this plant could have had a healing and revitalising effect by which means one could life a longer and healthier life. Probably to limit the population, the "gods" may have kept these plants for themselves within a restricted area like the garden of Eden, which according to the Bible was guarded by an angel with a flaming sword.
In ancient cultures like ancient Egypt and Meso-America, the serpent is actually the ancient symbol for wisdom and transformation, and could possibly be the symbol of the race of those extraterrestrial visitors who were called the "sons of God" in the book of Genesis from the Bible and other ancient texts.
From Elisabeth Haich's book: "Initiation" (more about this book in the next chapter):
"Then he takes the golden hoop that ends with the head of a serpent and fastens it firmly on to the white silken cloth over my forehead. It is the symbol of the members of the ruling race, the Sons of God. It is the symbol of the initiates..." (Page 128)
"We use the serpent standing erect as the symbol of initiation, as the mistress of the tree of recognition and knowledge." (Page 256)
"In front, the circlet of gold bears the head of a serpent, symbol of the procreative energy of life, transformed and spiritualized." (Page 313)
The Bible tells how the "Lord" was very upset when he found out that Adam and Eve did eat from the fruit, and dispelled them out of the Garden of Eden before they also might eat from the "Tree of Life" which would give them immortality. However many today regard this fruit as being an apple, it had actually not been written what kind of fruit this fruit of "Forbidden Knowlegde" actually was.
It is also important to know that the "serpent" in the Bible story was never called "the devil" or something like that, but simply "satan", which translates from Old Hebrew to "adversary", thus it is not a specific name. This makes sense because when "God" cursed him to crawl on his belly and eat dust, he had been opposing the will of "God". According to certain Jewish legends (not to be confused with the Jewish holy scriptures) the serpent was - before the "fall of man" - of extraordinary size, the smartest among the animals, stood upright, and would have resembled man closely. After the fall its body degenerated, and lost its feet and mental capabilities. (See the book: "Legends of the Jews" (1909), by Louis Ginzberg.) The belief of the devil as a horned man with goat hoofs is but a (possibly medieval) fabrication of Christianity, because this actually represents a satyr; a mythical creature that is half man/ half goat, just like Pan; one of the gods of the "Old Religion" (Paganism). The English word devil ("d' evil" or 'the evil") hints to an originally conceptual word rather than an actual name, and is generally meant as the archetypical name for (all) that is evil.
The story about a serpent who acts against the will of the Lord may relate to the rivalry between Enki (Lord of the earth) and his half-brother Enlil (Lord of Heaven) from the old Mesopotamian legends. Like mentioned earlier, Enki was known by the Sumerians as the great serpent or dragon, so maybe the serpent from the Biblical story was Enki who took the form of this animal or possessed its body. According to the myths, Enki made the human race more intelligent in time, which was against the will of Enlil, the god with the highest authority. When a war took place between their groups it wouldn't be that strange if Enki was called the "adversary" by Enlil to his followers and prophets.
According to the work of the Chronicle Project the "Tree of Knowlegde" had been translated as the "tree of remembers"; a tree of knowledge to satisfy and fear, and was in the middle of the enclosed area. That which grew on this tree had the ability to transfigure man's mind to the much higher level of perception of the Originators, and this had been told to Eve by a further not described "overseer" (the "serpent" in the Bible, possibly Enki). The overseer also told her that she would not die when she ate from it when she would proceed to transfigure. (This is reminiscent of the use of a very strong psychoactive drug where inner resistance can be very dangerous.) Where in the Bible there was spoken of a seperate "Tree of Eternal Life" - which was tightly guarded after Adam and Eve were expelled from the garden - it would according to the translation actually be the very same tree as this tree was also called the "tree of remembers".
The book: "The Apocalypse of Adam" from the "Nag Hammadi" writings (labeled as apocryphal and believed to be of Gnostic origin), also tells about a certain subcreator, referred to as the "demiurge", who created Adam and Eve. In these Gnostic texts, the so-called: "demiurge", is seen as the fashioner of the materialistic world. "Demiurge" originates from the Greek dēmiourogos, literally: "public worker", originally a common noun for "craftsman" or "artisan". The story does not speak about a literal "fruit" or apple, but about a certain knowledge: a word of knowledge of the "eternal God", that Eve teached to Adam.
From reading the text it can be assumed that this "eternal God" would not be the same as the creator god who was known as the "god who created us" (the Lord). It even says that Adam and Eve were higher than the god who created them, which strongly implies that this "god" was but a lesser god, namely a creator god. The concept of both an All-embracing God and a subcreator god is also a concept that is re-occuring in many ancient texts that were for this reason labeled as "Gnostic" texts and none of these texts were later included in the Bible. Various Gnostic systems - but not all of them - see both the demiurge and material world however as evil creations, and the non-material (spirit) world as being good; The reason for this view could be because of the attempts of the subcreator to destroy mankind in the great Deluge. It is probably that - because of this rather conflicting ideology - Gnostic texts were not included in the Bible.
From the text:
"Listen to my words, my son Seth. When God had created me out of the earth, along with Eve, your mother, I went about with her in a glory which she had seen in the aeon from which we had come forth. She taught me a word of knowledge of the eternal God. And we resembled the great eternal angels, for we were higher than the god who had created us and the powers with him, whom we did not know.
Then God, the ruler of the aeons and the powers, divided us in wrath. Then we became two aeons. And the glory in our heart(s) left us, me and your mother Eve, along with the first knowledge that breathed within us. And it (glory) fled from us; it entered into [...] great [...] which had come forth, not from this aeon from which we had come forth, I and Eve your mother. But it (knowledge) entered into the seed of great aeons. For this reason I myself have called you by the name of that man who is the seed of the great generation or from whom (it comes). After those days, the eternal knowledge of the God of truth withdrew from me and your mother Eve. Since that time, we learned about dead things, like men. Then we recognized the God who had created us. For we were not strangers to his powers. And we served him in fear and slavery. And after these things, we became darkened in our heart(s). Now I slept in the thought of my heart."
Only texts that were considered canonical were included in the Bible, and texts that were seen as apocryphal and Gnostic were not, because of the conflicting view of the orthodox belief, though there are many canonical passages that strongly hint that the "jealous" and "vengeful" God of the Old Testament could not be the loving Father that Jesus was talking about in the New Testament.
This is actually far from a new concept; Marcion of Sinope, the mid-2nd century bishop and later Christian teacher of Asia Minor (the western two thirds of the Asian part of Turkey), already pointed out a large number of contradictions in his work "Antithesis" (which translates to "contradictions"), between the God of the old teachings of and the God of the more recent teachings from the time of Jesus. He was also the one who was responsible for both the dividing the New Testament from the Old and the divinding between the Catholic and orthodox Christian church. (Here Marcions' church became the very first Catholic church). Marcion believed that Jesus Christ had come to liberate mankind from the authority of the God of the Old Testament and to reveal the superior God of goodness and mercy whom he called the "Father".
While the place referred to as the "Garden of Eden" once really existed according to his readings, Edgar Cayce explained that the Biblical story of the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden was however merely of symbolic nature and therefore should not be taken literally. According to Edgar Cayce's readings, the Bible was the symbolic account of the regression into the flesh (in the first book: Genesis) and the restoration of the human soul to its divine origins (in the final book: Revelations).
The readings of the psychic and sear Paul Solomon (1939-1994) gave an detailled explanation of the symbolism of "eating from the Tree of Knowledge".
From reading 176, 7/73:
"There was the separating from the knowledge "We are of God" and there was the identification of that which was the apple, the physical, the body. Then man, thinking himself man, lost his identity as God."
And from "Source Reading Japan #32, 5/4/92":
". . . Each soul was aware of the ability to create and for as long as that awareness was maintained, there was never a thought of competition. For as long as life-forms on this planet were creative, there could not be a thought that if one should take more, that another would in turn have less.
Thus, there was no thought of competition but there was curiosity, a curiosity of understanding the relationship between life and darkness, and what is called love and fear or good and evil. And, though those inhabiting this school were warned against inquiring into such knowledge, the compulsion to know was too great for many to resist, and so there was the reaching into self, what is referred to as eating of the Tree of Knowledge, good and evil. (It) was actually a partaking of self or selfishness and the separation within self of the two sides, the two hemispheres, the two energies which, as you would see represented in the Tao in this time as yin and yang, are perfectly balanced; there are not two in actuality but only one.
Still the experiment with the curious souls was toward the separation of this yin and yang, which in turn allowed the separation of the masculine and feminine, the impregnation of the one (from) the other, which (also) resulted in the parting of the brain (into) two hemispheres of the brain, or the cleft brain, as we would refer to it.
This was the beginning of all thought of competition, of recognition of darkness, it was the birth of fear, it was the beginning of all things that a soul must graduate in consciousness in this time. This is the purpose for the establishment of a Mystery School, providing techniques, encouragement, assistance in releasing the appearance of duality, and allowing the individual to experience only light without darkness as a point of reference. The ability to experience light without needing dark to make a point of comparison.
And so it is with love and fear, good and evil, with all things you think of as separation and duality. It is the purpose of the Wisdom School, then, to bring back together that which has been separated in consciousness and to create wholeness.
In an expression of wholeness on this planet, there cannot be, in any way, any form of disease. There cannot be any form of harm one toward another, of war, of crime, or of what you think of as life and death. Nor is there a separation in consciousness between one side of the brain and the other, nor is there a separation of the consciousness of mankind with the consciousness of God."
According to Edgar Cayce, the "fall of man" was an event recorded symbolically in Genesis where souls from heaven for the first time descended to the earth plane to began incarnating. The first wave of souls ("the sons of men") to incarnate became entrapped in the earth plane accidentally, through their misuse of free will, where they projected their own thought forms into physical beings we nowadays only know as mythological creatures like the centaur, the satyr, the mermaid, and so on. (According to the Paul Solomon readings these also included these "large beasts", which probably would refer to dragons/dinosaurs.)
Edgar Cayce described the "Paradise of God" as the original divine consciousness of these soul beings before their fall into flesh, which greatly lowered their consciousness, and was caused by the desire for companionship and carnal desires. The apple symbolizes the knowlegde (but actually knowledge without wisdom) of carnal desires, as the serpent symbolizes partaking in sexual desires. By this, desires and physical bodily charms, the understanding of sex, sex relationships, came into the experience. Because of desire, sin also came into being, by which man further lost its contact with its true divine source. (If one sins, one does something he deeply inside regrets.) Thus, both will control and the inability of the same, also became part of the human experience. (Based on Edgar Cayce Readings 364-5 and others.)
an side note: The Bible also describes what seems to be unusual
long life spans for Adam, Eve and other characters appearing
in the Bible, as some are said to have lived multiple hundreds of
years. Edgar Cayce also touched this subject in one of his readings and
explained that years were counted different in those times. In this
regard; what seems like
extreme long life spans were actually quite normal to today's standard.
"The days upon the earth then were counted in the tens, the fifties and the hundreds, besides the days or weeks or years in the present. Or, the LIFE existence of the entity, as compared to the present, would be years instead of weeks; or, in that experience, to live five to six to seven hundred years was no more than to live to the age of fifty, sixty or seventy years in the present."
(Source: Reading #1968-2)
The Sons of God and the Daughters of Men
were, figuratively spoken, seen as the hands and feet that shaped
creation. From the
energy of the Source, everything was created by the
different hierarchies of angels: the universe, the earth and everything
stories tell that a specific, relatively lower branch of the angelic
hierarchy carried out the task in the
heavens to keep an eye on creation.
Although this group of angels offered the people knowledge and learned them handicraft, not everything they learned the human being was good for them; Like the production of weapons, and knowlegde of witchcraft and enchantments. According to their evil deeds and lawlessness they were defouling the earth and they would also have created offspring with the daughters of men, who begat "giants", (See Genesis 6:1-4) and according to the Book of Giants (part of the Dead Sea scrolls) also "monsters".
In both Norse and Greek mythology there is also the mention of giants which are they are called "Titans" by the Greeks and were according to some myths described as the sons and daughters of Uranus (the heaven) and Gaia (the earth). The Sumerian word "Titaan" actually means: "those who in heaven live", and therefore seems to refer to the Grigori/Igigi. (link)
These giants were originally known as "heroes" and "men or renown", but at a certain time it went out of hand. Actually, they would have needed so much food which wore out the food supply. The ordinary people became displeased by the giants and because of this the giants suffered discrimination and contempt which eventually resulted in a rebellion of the giants who in their anger and fury turned themselves against the ordinary people and began to eat them in their unquenchable hunger. They also began to eat every bird, beast, reptile and fish they could find, one after the other.
Because they were so big and strong they were no match for any ordinary human being. Law, order and justice could not be guaranteed, and because of this the ordinary people also took over their sinful behaviour. Even up to the portal of heaven the complaints would have been heard of the victims and also the call for justice. As the Book of Enoch mentions, the prophet Enoch carried out his mission to bring the sinful angels the message that they must immediately stop their inferference and actions or else they would be severely punished. The angels however ignored the message and because of this they were traced and imprisoned. Because of their disobedience this group, who rejected their divine glory for an earthly life, they are also called the "fallen angels" in the book of Enoch.
During that time however, most of the damage already had been done. The god with the highest authority, known by the Sumerians as Enlil, began to feel regret that he created (modern) man. He expected that his messing with creation always was against the will of the Most High, against the will of the Cosmos, and that it should be made undone. This eventually would have caused the great Deluge. His half brother Enki, who would have been directly involved with creation of modern man, would have secretly saved a pius man, who is known in the Bible as Noah, and his family, against the will of Enlil.
A chart to illustrate the relations between gods and humans.
Here "gods" is interchangable with "angels" and "godly" with "angelic".
From the material of Edgar Cayce, there were in the early periods of Atlantis "angelic" beings whose physical form were more like thought forms, who felt attracted to the way of living in the earthly material world. Edgar Cayce called these the "sons of men" (or the "first wave", or the "sons of the Earth") although many often took the appearance of half man and half animal, just like the satyr, centaur, or birdman because they pleased to do so. For this to succeed they first had to lower their state of consciousness to a level in which they would be completely within the illusion of seperation. So from a son of God they became a "son of the Earth" or a "son of man".
The Biblical term: "Nephilim", probably specifically referred to this "first wave" of souls that came to earth. (See Paul Solomon's Reading: "Atlantis and Prehistorical Times"). In many versions of the Bible, "Nephilim" had been often translated as: "giants", but it is in fact derived from the Hebrew word for "to fall", thus it would mean: the "Fallen Ones"; There were once these many angels from the high and glorious heavens that descended ("fell") to the crude earth plane and were unable to return. It is often believed by Bible scholars that the Nephilim were merely the human giants, but this term could also apply to other beings: In certain translations of the Bible - including the American Standard Version - it seems that the Nephilim already were on earth before the sons of God came into the daughters of men. (See the chapter: "Altantis - Huge Beasts" for more information.)
The consciousness of this first wave of souls was lowered so much however, that they became caught up, "trapped", into the material things about this earth. Merely by themselves they were not able to find their way back to their original higher state of consciousness. This was noticed by Amilius - which Edgar Cayce also referred to as the Christ soul.
According to Edgar Cayce, Amilius would later have been re-incarnated as: Enoch, Hermes (Thoth), Melchizedek (high-priest and king of Salem or Old Jerusalem), Joseph (son of Jacob), Joshua (the warrior), Asaph (musicial and seer of king David and Solomon), Jeshua (high-priest), Zend (father of Zoroaster) and ultimately Jesus of Nazareth; the man who was first to attain complete "at-one-ment" as the perfect divine-human unity known as the "Christ", hence that is why Edgar Cayce referred to him the "Christ soul". (The codex called: "Melchizedek" from the Nag Hammadi also implies that Melchizedek was the same being or soul as Jesus.)
In an attempt to help these sons of men and to counter the influences of evil that came from the lack of understanding, Amilius guided the souls of another group of angels - who Edgar Cayce called the: "second wave" - to the earth. These angels (sons of God) were spiritually advanced beings from other parts of the universe. They accomplished their goal by steering the process of physical evolution in a way that created more appropriate physical forms for these trapped souls. When finally the desired physical human form was created, Amilius became voluntarily trapped in materialism, as the very first "Adam" (which means "man" or "mankind") in the Garden of Eden in Mesopotamia, in order to assist the trapped souls. Adam was the first human being of a revised and perfected specie, likely "Homo Sapiens"; modern man.
The other rebellious "sons of God" followed (those who we now refer to as these "fallen angels" who were mentioned in the Book of Enoch) when they came down from the heavens and saw that the "daughters of men" were beautiful, and as a result many became entrapped in materialism as well. The faction that in the end remained faithful to good and righteousness began to call themselves the: "Children of the Law of One", while those who were in opposition to their law called themselves the "Sons of Belial". Between these factions there was a long lasting conflict.
The sons of Belial are also mentioned in the Hebrew Bible where Belial is usually translated as: "worthlessness"; as in "lacking worth", and can be interpret as "lawlessness"; those without laws, and "Belial" is usually considered as a demon, Satan or the personification of evil itself. This would have happened during the times of Atlantis, when there were the separations of the peoples from the high and the low estates of the varied developments that were in that period of man's experience in the earth. Thus, here the sons of the High where the sons of God. (See Edgar Cayce Reading 518-1.) The actions of the sons of Belial which included the perversion of elevated spiritual ideals led to the spiritual regression of Atlantis which eventually contributed to the downfall of the archipel and her original civilization.
According to the Jewish belief in the Torah, the daughters of men from the story would specifically refer to the descendants of Cain, but this statement was not to be found in the corresponding story in the Bible. Based on this claim, the story between the sons of God and the daughters of men is often interpret as the mixing between the descendants of the race of Adam's son Seth, who would have lived in the mountains, and the descendants of his sinful son Cain, who lived on the plains. The problems with this particular view is that this claim is never explained as such within the old texts and in no single old writing the descendants of Seth were called "sons of God", or mentioned with a similar name. This interpretation would also not fit within the context of the story about their gigantic offspring, which would imply that they also would somehow differ at genetic level.
Paul Solomon clearly described in his readings that the sons of Belial came from the planet Mars. At the time this planet drew closer to Earth, those souls transfered to the earth sphere. Another group of souls from the planet of Venus followed, to counteract those selfish intentions and the activities of that group that issued from Mars, and incarnated on earth in a material body. (Source: Reading 176, 7/73.)
Trance clairvoyant Dr. Douglas James Cottrell spoke during his sessions regarding the planet Mars, about humanoid beings (who differed very little to modern man) which once lived on Mars but eventually escaped to other planets, including the earth, because of a huge disaster that made the planet inhabitable. The Martians that arrived on earth survived and became Earthlings. From his sessions it was however not clear if there already were humans that lived on the earth at that time, but if this was the case, it could mean that these refugies from Mars could have been those certain "sons of God" that had been spoken of in the ancient texts. This could be also the reason why they chose to stay on earth; Very likely they didn't had a choice because their home planet had became inhabitable. If we include the information of Paul Solomon, it seems that their offspring would also have been of that soul group that came from the planet Mars.
The book: "A Dweller on two Planets" (1894) by Phylos the Thibetan (claimed to have been received through channeling by Frederick S. Oliver) called the people of Atlantis by multiple names, including: "the Sons of God". (More about this book in the chapter about Atlantis.) Quoted from page 204:
"Atl, known through the olden earth as Atlan, Queen of the Seas,” and her people as “Children of Incal,” * i. e., “Of the Sun,” and as the “Sons of God.” How are the mighty fallen!"
(* "Incal" was the name for "God" during the time period of Atlantis. Like also in ancient Egypt, the sun was often used as the symbol for the oneness of All-That-Is.)
In the book "Initiation" by Elisabeth Haich, she tells the story of her own life where she recalls a past life experience in Egypt. She mentions the pharaoh from that time as being from a lineage of people called "the sons of God". These could have been the same people Edgar Cayce referred to as the "children of the Law of One", as both the "children of the Law of One" and the "sons of Belial" were the descendants of the "sons of God".
According to the story, members of this particular lineage "left their bodies" just before the coming "age of darkness". This could be the era known as the "Kali Yuga": the Age of the Goddess Kali, also known as the Iron Age or Dark Age, which had been mentioned in the ancient Hindu scriptures and is believed to have started around 3,676 BC. This was considered the age where mankind lost most of its touch with its own divinity.) The book "Initiation" mentions that these sons of God "dematerialized" their advanced technology (probably to keep this away from people who could do harm with it) and left the earth plane to enter into the Spirit realm, from where they could offer better aid and guidance to the still evolving humans beings. These beings already were or became part of the group dedicated to the spiritual evolution of mankind, called the "White Brotherhood". (As pointed out on the internet site: "Viewzone", new evidence seems to point out that the period of Kali Yuga could possibly end in the year 2025.)
Dutch trance medium Daan Akkerman, who claimed to have received channeled messages from the White Brotherhood, was once asked bout this curious text from Genesis 6:
Q: Could you clarify the for us untransparent text from Genesis 6:1-6 about giants, human daughters, divine sons and their children who were heroes?
A: It goes without notice that here is spoken about the transition between Lemuria and Atlantis. During this era, the beings were still not completely solidified. There were beings who could travel between earth and Cosmos, who were able to manifest themselves in spiritual form and also to copulate physically. Therefore they were able to create children who were far beyond the intelligence and strength of the human race of these days. They were the heroes, were capable to do things that man wasn't able to do on the normal level. In this way there are many created who, from this lineage, have the blood of these heroes in their veins, pure physically, because of this union of those nephilim and man.
(Source: Freely translated from page 99 of the dutch version of the book: "Lanto 1: Atlantis en ufo's.")
He also asked questions about these "sons of God" who where mentioned in Elisabeth Haich's book. The answer was, - as he explained in his book: "Lanto 1: Atlantis" - that these "sons of God" called themselves in this manner because they knew that all people are sons of God, as God is the collective of All; Their consciousness about this fact was larger compared to the mass. They were originally part of certain extraterrestrial groups which came from the star constellation of Orion, which included this particular group we generally refer to as those "fallen angels" in our religious texts.
Further according to the readings of Daan Akkerman; During the late era of Atlantis, man generally was - though there were exceptions - then an emotionless being that was also in contact with the fallen angels. These fallen angels however, at that point in time, had lost the ability to manifest themselves in physical bodies due to the further densification of matter, which was the result of the last great changes to the connections of the electro-magnetic grid of the earth during the second catastrophy of Atlantis. They could however bind themselves to physical man, and ever tried, through man, to create a being without free will that they could form to their own insight. Through man, they carried on with genetic manipulations at humans, animals and plants, which caused the existence of monstrous creatures, and also the existence of giants and dwarfs. This all happened during the late era of Atlantis.
There are numerous myths from around the world which speak about "giants", which usually refers to humans which were remarkably large in stature. In the Old Testament from the Bible there are numerous references to giants, as well as before as after the great Deluge, and they are also mentioned in the Dead Sea scrolls. It is quite possible that they were the Titans from Greek mythology.
years or more, early modern man known as "Cro-Magnon man"
did co-exist together with the the much shorter Neanderthals in Europe
which averaged from 5.3 to 5.5 feet. The
earliest Cro-Magnon men were in comparison quite large in
stature, averaging from 6.1 to 6.7 feet (male), which is somewhat
taller than the average height of
current modern man, but the giants that were mentioned in the Bible
were much taller.
There are other references to humans of gigantic height to be found in the Bible, like in the book Numbers, 13:32:
"32. And they spread among the Israelites a bad report about the land they had explored. They said, "The land we explored devours those living in it. All the people we saw there are of great size."
The book Deuteronomy 3:11 mentions the king Og of Basan as the last of the Rephaim and his bed, or coffin, was described as nine cubits long and four cubits wide, or thirteen and a half feet long and six feet wide.
According to numerous reports from the past past centuries, there had been found gigantic human bones at various places in the world. Although these findings are being kept in museums, they are rarely or not being put on display for certain reasons; perhaps because they simply cannot explain these remarkable artifacts.
In the year 1911 there had been found the remains of red-haired giants with heights between 6.5 and 8 feet, in the cave that is now known as Lovelock Cave, near Lovelock in Nevada. In the year 1931 there had been found two giant skeletons within the lake bed of Humbold lake, where the first one had a stature of 8 feet tall and the second one had a stature of below 10 feet. (Source: http://garry-nelson.hubpages.com/hub/Human-Giants)
A news report from September 3th, 2011, mentioned that human remains of gigantic size were found in Georgia. The involved scientists are telling that the height of these human giants could range from 8.2 feet to 9.8 feet (2.5 to 3 metres). From the article at Trend.Az:
"Georgia, Tbilisi, Sept. 3 / Trend N. Kirtskhalia /
The bones of giant people aged over 25,000 years were found in the mountains of the Borjomi Gorge (South Georgia). This is a sensational discovery, academician of the Georgian Science Academy Abesalom Vekua told media."
Prof. Dr. Abesalom Vekua, a leading scientific researcher of the Georgian National Museum, further explained:
On earth there were are certain animal species before which are now extinct but on the other hand there are also existing new ones. (Every year there are discovered new ones). This has often to do with the natural capicity of the organism to adapt itself to the ever changing environment. We normally would call this "evolution", but this word is however nowadays understood like: "the grow to a higher grade of development", although it is actually about adaptation and not growth.
In certain ancient texts there are described creatures which we don't know of today and because we can not find any physical evidence for these it is often thought that therefore they must be made up. While some creatures - including dragons and serpents - were sometimes used for merely symbollic reasons, this of course doesn't mean by default that they were merely originally made up as a symbol. Besides the old mythologies from around the world we also find these kind of creatures in the old Jewish and Hebrew texts. It is possible that the Jewish legends are the oldest writings known so far about creatures which nowadays don't exist (anymore), like the phoenix; a bird which at the end of her life cycle lighted her own nest including herself into flames, from where a new baby bird came from the ashes where her soul could enter back in for another 500 years.
It is little known that the wild horned version of the horse; the "unicorn", is also mentioned in several books of the Bible: See Job 39:9-10, Numbers 23:22 and 24:8, Deuteronomy 33:17, Psalm 22:21, 29:6, 92:10 and Isaiah 34:7. In fact, unicorns were still depicted on 15th and 16th century European tapestries and renaissance man Leonardo da Vinci wrote about the unicorn in one of his notebooks, making it plausible that this animal wasn't a fantasy animal but did probably exist in the past. (See Wikipedia for more information.)
Dependant on the Bible translation, in the Biblical book Isaiah the "basilisk" and the "fiery flying serpent (or dragon)" had been mentioned in a literary sense as if they really would have existed in the past. (See these different translations.) From Isaiah 30:6 (King James Version):
"The burden against the beasts of the South. Through a land of trouble and anguish, from which came the lioness and the lion, the viper and the fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches on the backs of young donkeys, and their treasures on the humps of camels, to a people who shall not profit;"
These flying serpents are perhaps related to the so-called "lindworms" from European mythology and folklore, where they were described here as serpent-like half-dragons that could be either winged or wingless, plus quadrupedal, bipedal or limbless and with a poisonous bite. From stories like the "Lambton Worm" it is evident that the word "worm" was an old word for a serpent-like and dragon-like creature, essentially a kind of sea serpent but that also could live on dry land.
Many ancient Mesopotamian wall reliefs are depicting mixed creatures including humans with animal-like features. The image above-left is a piece from the walls of the Babylonian "Ishtar Gate". The walls of the Ishtar Gate have been reconstructed to a hight of 14 km and are now currently in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
Among the known depictions of numerous creatures such as: lions, bulls, horses and the now extinct aurochs, there are also numerous depictions of a creature that is known today as the "mushhushshu", which can be loosely translated as "splendor serpent" in Akkadian. Depictions of this creature had been mostly unchanged in ancient Babylonian art for centuries (see a probably much older version in the image above-right), which did lead German archeologist and architect Robert Koldewey (the discoverer of the Ishtar Gate between 1899 and 1914) to the belief that this creature really could have existed in the past.
This creature is actually very similar the so-called "questing beast" ("questing" as the old word for "barking") or "beast glatisant" (French) from the King Arthur legends, in which it is described having the head of a serpent, the body of a leopard, the backside of a lion and the front paws of a reindeer or a rabbit. From his belly would have sounded a sound like thirty yelping dogs. Popular interpretations view the mushhushshu as a dragon or dragon-like creature.
Among the readings of Edgar Cayce there is also the mention of half-human beasts, varying from the size of midgets to giants, that began to populate earth from some point in time, but were mostly wiped out after the great flood. They were the first angel-like beings that came to earth to experience a mortal earthly existence. These beings eventually would have become the basis for the legendary creatures of Greco-Roman mythology; like the unicorn, mermaid, minotaur, cyclops, and the satyr, because these beings would actually really have existed once in the past. (See Edgar Cayce Reading 364-10.)
Lytle Robinson also mentioned these mixtures based on the Edgar Cayce readings in his book "Edgar Cayce's Story of the Origin and Destiny of Man (1972)":
"Overcoming the monstrosities, the mixtures and the animal influences was accomplished through rebirth, surgery and evolution towards a more divine purpose. The animal influences finally disappeared about 9000 B.C. Remnants of these creatures, with their appendages of wings, tails, feathers, claws and hooves were later depicted accurately in Assyrian and Egyptian art. The sphinx is a notable example of one of the earlier monostrosities."
In his readings, Edgar Cayce mentioned the so-called "Temple of Sacrifice", which was a spiritually based hospital or health center, and the "Temple Beautiful", which was a school of higher learning and vocational traininig. According to Edgar Cayce's material, these temples had nothing to do with human or animal sacrifices but instead the sacrifice of the ego and selfishness was meant, to develop oneself in the way to a more divine purpose. These centers gave hope to humanity that their bodies could be transformed, to heal the body and soul and also to get rid of the animalistic influences which had perverted mankind on a large scale. These reliefs seen above may have to do with the rituals performed in those centers.
"...for, in the period, there was the Temple of Sacrifice; or that wherein the body was shed of the animal representations through the sacrificing of the desires of the appetite, through the changing of self in the temple service."
(Source: Reading 275-33)
Treatments for correction of bodily and mental deformities were accomplished not only through the use of surgery, medicines, electrical therapy, massage, spinal adjustments and the like; but by diet, the vibrations of music, colours, dancing, song, chanting, and most important ones; by keeping a state of profound relaxation and meditation, both for the raising of the spiritual vibration and vitality within the body so that the body will recover better and thus sooner. (Hurt, fear, worry and stress actually lowers one's vibration and should be resolved or avoided as much as possible). There is actually a tight relation between mind and matter where scientists are in present time are just scratching the surface with their theories about quantum mechanics.
"The passage of individuals through the experiences in the Temple of Sacrifice was much as would be in the hospitalization, or a hospital of the present day, when there have become antagonistic conditions within the physical body, such as to produce tumors, wens[cysts], warts or such.
Magnify this into the disturbances which were indicated, or illustrated in conditions where there was the body or figure of the horse, or the head of the horse with the body of man; or where there were the various conditions indicated in the expressions by the pushing of spirit into physical matter until it became influenced by or subject to same. Such influences we see in the present manifested as habits, or the habit-forming conditions.
Then there are, or were the needs for the attempts to operate, as well as to adhere to diets and activities to change the natures of the individuals; that their offspring, as well as themselves, might bring forth that which was in keeping with--or a pattern of--those influences in which there were souls or spirits with the idea, or ideal, of seeking light."
(Source: Reading 281-44)
(For more information about Edgar Cayce's reading about "Egypt at the time of Ra-Ta" - by Ann Lee Clapp - see the website: www.huttoncommentaries.com, or see the book: "Edgar Cayce's Egypt" - by A.R.E Press - for the complete history of this period.)
According to Edgar Cayce, the "animal influences" such as wings, tails, feathers and hooves would have been fully disappeared from the body in the year 9,000 BC, with the exception of some who were accurately depicted accurately in Assyrian and Egyptian art. There also exist ancient myths and depictions of "bird-like men" from Easter Island, Meso-America and Japan.
The Mesopotamian texts also describe and depict seven sages who were known as Apkallu (Akkadian) or Abgal (Sumerian) and were said to have been created by the god Enki to establish culture and give civilization to mankind. They served as priests of Enki and as advisors or sages to the earliest kings of Sumer before the great flood. They would have given moral code (Me), crafts and arts to mankind. They are depicted as humanoids with wings and the head of a man or bird (see images above), and sometimes the lower body is depicted like the tail of a fish. Many researchers called them: Djinni (Genie or Genius), which are a certain type of supernatural creatures. The symbol on the wristbands probably represents a Chamomile flower. This flower is a much reoccuring decoration on the walls of the Ishtar Gate and therefore it is generally assumed to be symbol of the goddess Inanna/Ishtar, although this symbol is occuring much more often in other Assyrian and Babylonian art.
During one of his readings, trance clairvoyant Dr. Douglas James Cottrell described the temple complex of Angkor Wat in Cambodia as a health center that was similar to the "Temple Beautiful" and the "Temple Sacrifice", which had been built by those that had migrated from Atlantis (Poseida) and settled in this region. It would originally have been constructed some 10,000 years ago. At these temple complexes there are also depictions of humans with animalistic features, like people who are seen with the tail of a snake in place of human legs. (Source: "Douglas James Cottrell PhD: Secrets of Angkor Wat", by Rammsteinregeln.)
According to his e-book: "Atlantis Revisited", human cloning was already achieved by the ancient Atlanteans and they also experimented with genetic engineering where they combined elements from both human and beast. The Temple Beautiful was a regeneration place for those that were the victims of these experimentations and suffered from it. Perhaps these monsterous creatures from Greek mythology - like the Chimera (a creature with the body of a lion (or goat) and the heads of a lion, a goat and a snake as tail) and the three-headed head Cerberus - were the result of genetic experiments from those times.
The Great Deluge
There are many ancient myths from many different cultures over the world concerning a great flood. However, this does not have to mean that every myth was talking about the same disaster.
"According to Sumerian mythology, Enki also assisted humanity to survive the Deluge designed to kill them. In the Legend of Atrahasis, Enlil, the king of the gods, sets out to eliminate humanity, the noise of whose mating is offensive to his ears.
He successively sends drought, famine and plague to eliminate humanity, but Enki thwarts his half-brother's plans by teaching Atrahasis about irrigation, granaries and medicine. Humans again proliferate a fourth time. Enraged, Enlil convenes a Council of Deities and gets them to promise not to tell humankind that he plans their total annihilation.
Enki does not tell Atrahasis, but instead tells the walls of Atrahasis' (a.k.a. Utnapishtim, Ziusudra, Noah) reed hut of Enlil's plan, thus covertly rescuing Atrahasis by either instructing him to build some kind of a boat for his family, or by bringing him into the heavens in a magic boat.
After the seven day Deluge, the flood hero frees a swallow, a raven and a dove in an effort to find if the flood waters have receded. On the boat landing, a sacrifice is organised to the gods. Enlil is angry his will has been thwarted yet again, and Enki is named as the culprit. As the god of what we would call ecology, Enki explains that Enlil is unfair to punish the guiltless Atrahasis for the sins of his fellows, and secures a promise that the gods will not eliminate humankind if they practice birth control and live within the means of the natural world.
The threat is made, however, that if humans do not honor their side of the coventant the gods will be free to wreak havoc once again. This is apparently the oldest of the surviving Middle Eastern Deluge myths."
In the first book of Enoch it was the arch-angel Uriel who warned Noah of the Deluge and instructed him to build the ark, so could it be that the arch-angel Uriel was the same being as the Sumerian god Enki? This would support the view that those gods, these "angelic" beings, where indeed those who we call angels and arch-angels in our holy scriptures today.
According to Edgar Cayce, the biblical "Deluge" would have happened around 22,006 BC. Because of the catastrophy, the Atlantean land land broke up into three large and two smaller islands. It is not to be confused with the final demise of Atlantis which happened around 9,900 BC, when the last remaining island of Atlantis (which Plato actually spoke of) finally disappeared into the Atlantic Ocean. (More in the chapter about Atlantis: The Three Catastrophes.)
Like in the Bible, the final flood of Atlantis had been similairly described as a punishment from Zeus; the god of the gods, in Plato's dialogue "Critias".
The book: "A Dweller on two Planets" by Phylos the Thibetan and claimed to be channeled through Frederick S. Oliver, described various previous lives of a soul called Phylos, including one where he lived in Atlantis, and he also described some insights from the "Book of Life", which is also known as the "Akashic Records" in New Age terminology. At page 404 of this book, the author wrote that he saw in the Book of Life that the vessel of "Nepth" (appearently Noah), was carried by the great flood from Atlantis into Africa, from where it at finally came to a halt in Asia. (The book "A Dweller on two Planets" is fully readable online at: www.sacred-texts.com.)
Noah's story also bears some similarities with both the Chinese "Fu Xi" (or "Fohi"), who was the very first ruler of China according to Chinese mythology, and "Manu"; known in various Hindu traditions as the progenitor of mankind and the very first king to rule this earth.
The Tower of Babel
In the story from chapter 11 from the Book of Genesis of the Bible, there had been a united humanity of the generations after the Great Flood who spoke a single language. Migrating from the east, they settled in the land of Shinar, where they started to build a city with a large tower that would have its top in the heavens, so that they wouldn't be scattered abroad upon the face of the earth. We can assume that, for this reason, it would have served as a large marker that still would be seen at very large distances. In Genesis 11:6-8, the LORD saw what they were up to and said:
"If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other. So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city."
There is a Sumerian myth that is similar to that of the story of the Tower of Babel, called Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta. This myth talks about the building of a massive ziggurat in Eridu by Enmerkar; the king of Uruk. (According to Sumerian mythology, Enmerkar was the mortal son of the god Utu and Aia.) Here he demanded a tribute of precious materials from Aratta for its construction, at one point reciting an incantation imploring the god Enki to "disrupt" (according to Samuel Noah Kramer's translation) the linguistic unity of the inhabited regions - named as Shubur, Hamazi, Sumer, Uri-ki (Akkad), and the Martu land.
The part of the Sumerian epic entitled "Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta" (here translated by Samuel Noah Kramer) seems to be related to the story of the Tower of Babel and the confusion of tongues:
"Once upon a time there was no snake, there was no scorpion,
There was no hyena, there was no lion,
There was no wild dog, no wolf,
There was no fear, no terror,
Man had no rival.
In those days, the lands of Subur (and) Hamazi,
Harmony-tongued Sumer, the great land of the decrees of princeship,
Uri, the land having all that is appropriate,
The land Martu, resting in security,
The whole universe, the people in unison
To Enlil in one tongue [spoke].
(Then) Enki, the lord of abundance (whose) commands are trustworthy,
The lord of wisdom, who understands the land,
The leader of the gods,
Endowed with wisdom, the lord of Eridu
Changed the speech in their mouths, [brought] contention into it,
Into the speech of man that (until then) had been one."
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