the town Baalbek, situated
in Libanon, there is a temple complex which had been built by
the Romans. However, these Roman temples were built on a foundation
existing of the biggest and heaviest stones in the world that were
ever carved and placed into position. However, the Romans
themselves never claimed to also have laid this foundation; It is
possible that it already existed for centuries before the Romans had
their temples on top of it.
Actually, the history of settlement in the area of Baalbek dates back
about 9,000 years with almost continual building and
rebuilding of many generations. One of its temples which is now called
the "Temple of Jupiter" already was a temple since the pre-Hellenistic
cyclopean (large megalithic building blocks) building style of the
foundation certainly differs from the more refined Greek building style
(with smaller stones) of the temples on top of it.
Temple of Jupiter
Blocks can be found
about 10 meters in length, 5 meters high and 3 to 4 meters deep. They
weigh more then 450 tons per block. Above these megaliths there are
three blocks which are even heavier, weighing each more then 1000
tons, called Trilithons or Triliths.
a neighboring stone quarry the biggest stone of them all can be found
and weighs approximately
1158.696 tons and is called the "Stone of the
Pregnant Woman". A second ancient monolith was discovered in the same
quarry in the
1990s, which even surpasses the dimension of the well-known Stone of
the Pregnant Woman. Its weight is estimated at 1242 tons.
there are few machines who could lift, transport and place such
a block. It is unthinkable and probably even impossible that man could
do this in the past with only
manpower, ropes and primitive tools.
"Stone of the
According to the legend of the local population, Baalbek's first city
was built by Cain - one of the sons of Adam - who had been banished to
the "land of Nod" (Baalbek) that laid east of Eden. If fell into ruins
during the Great Flood and was rebuild by a race of giants under the
command of Nimrod, a "great hunter" and "king of Shinar" (Sumer) of the
book of Genesis. Nimrod was also the builder of the Tower of Babel.