Teotihuacán is a large archaeological site in Mexico (North America) which is covering more than 20 square kilometers. Only about 3 percent of the site has been fully excavated. During the 14th century, before the Spanish conquest, the site had been found by the Aztec people who were travelling south. It was completely abandoned. It's original builders are still unknown, but the Aztecs were certain only the gods could have made it. Therefore they called it: "Teotihuacán", and they regarded it as a holy place.
the Nathuatl language of the
Aztecs, "Teotihuacán" could translate to something like: "place where
gods were born" or "place of the origin of gods". Indigenous legends
assert that it was the "birthplace of creation", where the gods would
observe the evolving world and judge its progress. The two largest
pyramids would been built by the "giants" that existed in those days,
and the purpose of the site was to "transform men into gods",
probably meant allegorical. This could mean that this place was
once a place for spiritual initiations, just like the Great Pyramid in
Giza - according to the ancient Egyptian esoteric knowlegde. (Image right: Pyramid of the Moon.)
single burial had
been found within or below the pyramids, so they were most probably not
tombs. Academics agree that the city was built for spiritual and
political purposes. Although the structures on the site are - like the
pyramids of Giza - obviously built with stability and durability in
mind, they were actually not built with large megalithic stones, but
smaller ones. There are estimated to be over 600 structures including
two large pyramids; the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon,
approximately 70 other large structures, and like over 500 much smaller
ones. Among these smaller structures, we see some kind of elevated
square platforms, neatly arranged as seen in the picture on the left, taken from above the Pyramid
of the Moon.
According to Shirley Andrews' book "Atlantis: Insights
from a Lost Civilization" (2002), the building plan and
orientation of the buildings at Teotihuacán were built in alignment
to the rising and setting of the Pleiades.
In the year 2003, a tunnel was discovered below the Temple of the Feathered Serpent (the third largest pyramid of Teotihuacan and known as the oldest pyramid in Mexico) when a heavy rainstorm exposed a shaft that led to a spot about halfway down its length. Over the next decade the team of archaeologist Sergio Gómez dug out the tunnel and found a series of two chambers on either side of the tunnel in 2013. Within these chambers they found many pyrite mirrors and crystal spheres. Beyond these chambers, more chambers were discovered where more objects had been found including a wooden box filled with seashells that were carved with stone tools, four jade statues of 60 centimeter tall, rubber balls and jaguar remains. (Source: www.scientificamerican.com)
Sergio's team also found hundreds of yellow spheres with a small robot equipped with camera and infrared scanners. These spheres were made of clay and range from 1.5 to 5 inches in circumference, and got their colour from a material called jarosite. The purpose of these orbs is still unknown, although they are considered to have been used in ritual practices. (Source: www.dailymail.co.uk)
In the beginning of 2015, an announcement had been made that there also had been found large quantities of liquid mercury at the end of the tunnel. Researchers believe that its purpose was to symbolize an underworld river or lake, and it could suggest the existence of a king's tomb or a ritual chamber. Earlier before this discovery, mercury had also been found at three other sites in Central America; two of the Mayas and one of the Olmecs. (Sources: www.theguardian.com and www.dailygrail.com)
Besides the site of Teotihuacán, in Mexico we also find the impressive pyramid of Kukulkán at the Yucatán Peninsula.