The Lost History of Man

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The Lost Civilization of Atlantis

The Lost Civilization of Atlantis

The highly influential ancient Greek philosopher Plato wrote in the year 360 BC about Atlantis in his dialogues "Timaeus" and "Critias." In these dialogues it was told by the character Critias that his grandfather heard about the story of Atlantis hundred years ago from Solon, a well-known Athenian poet and politician. Solon heard about the story during his stay in Egypt in 565 BC. The name "Atlantis" (and also the other names he mentions in regards to Atlantis) is actually a Greek translation of the Egyptian name to maintain the original meaning of the actual name, because the Egyptian name would also have been a translation to the ancient Egyptian language. It is however unknown by which name Atlantis would have been known by the ancient Egyptians.


Plato's dialogues tell us that before the advanced Greek civilization, there once was another highly advanced civilization called "Atlantis", and was a huge island that was larger than (former) Libya (North-Africa) and Asia (Asia Minor) put together. Plato's account is regarded by many as the most credible account of a possible ancient lost civilization.

Quoted from Plato's "Timaeus" (21a-27b):

"Now in this island of Atlantis there was a great and wonderful empire which had rule over the whole island and several others, and over parts of the continent, and, furthermore, the men of Atlantis had subjected the parts of Libya within the columns of Heracles as far as Egypt, and of Europe as far as Tyrrhenia. [todays Etruria]"

Atlantis was situated beyond the "Columns of Heracles", also known as the Pillars/Columns of Hercules and is known today as the Strait of Gibraltar). If one travels from the Mediterranean Sea beyond the Strait of Gibraltar one will find themselves within the vast Atlantic Ocean. For generations its people lived virtuous lives until greed and power began to corrupt them. The final destruction of Atlantis happened some 9,500 years before Plato's time, when the land disappeared in the depths of the sea due to violent earthquakes and floods. The dialogue "Timaeus" mentioned that, during Plato's time, there was an impassable and impenetrable shoal of mud in these parts of the sea that was caused by the subsidence of the island. There are many scholars today who believe that Plato's story about Atlantis was merely a fictional account, a possible metaphor, because there is no known land or civilization which fits its descriptions. However, both dialogues "Timaeus" and "Critias" seem to implicate a purely historical account with so much detail that would be quite unnecessary for merely a metaphor.

In the dialogue "Critias" Plato wrote that Atlantis was founded by Poseidon - known in Greek mythology as "the god of the sea" - who did fell in love with a mortal woman named Cleito. Cleito gave birth to five sets of twin boys, and the domain was divided amongst them. The eldest, named Atlas, became the first king of Atlantis. In Greek mythology Atlas was the bearer of the heavens, and Greek historian Herodotus mentioned that Atlas was in fact a lofty mountain that by the Atlantean natives was seen as the pillar of the heaven:

"After this at a distance of ten days' journey there is another hill of salt and spring of water, and men dwell round it. Near this salt hill is a mountain named Atlas, which is small in circuit and rounded on every side; and so exceedingly lofty is it said to be, that it is not possible to see its summits, for clouds never leave them either in the summer or in the winter. This the natives say is the pillar of the heaven. After this mountain these men got their name, for they are called Atlantians; and it is said that they neither eat anything that has life nor have any dreams."

(Source: Herodotus History Book IV, 184.)

Poseidon had his own temple within the citadel of Atlantis City. Its exterior was entirely covered with silver and its pinnacles with gold, and the interior of the temple was of ivory, gold, silver, and an unknown material called "orichalch" (or orichalcum) which shone like fire, even to the pillars and floor. The temple contained a colossal statue of Poseidon standing in a chariot drawn by six winged horses, about him a hundred Nereids riding on dolphins. Arranged outside the building were golden statues of the first ten kings and their wives.

Because of the excessive use of noble metals within the large construction, the description of the temple of Poseidon seems similar to the description of the "Valhalla" from Norse mythology, which had been described in the Poetic Edda as appearing shining and golden. According to the vikings, Valhalla was the domain of the god Odin, and a kind of heaven for the slain soldiers which were brought to him by the Valkyries (Odin's warrior maiden). It seems that the mythologic place "Asgard"; the residence of the gods, was in fact Atlantis City as described by Plato. It is also reminiscent of of the temple of the "LORD", as described in the apocryphic book: "The Book of Enoch". In chapter 14:8-23 of the book this temple is described with an interior and a floor made out of crystal stones, where the roof appeared like agited stars and flashes of lightning, where a flame burned around its walls, and where its portal blazed with fire. Perhaps this wasn't real fire but merely the reddish shimmering of the material orichalc.

As Plato mentioned in his dialogues that one was already familair with the god Poseidon during the Atlantean times it probably means that the origins of Greek mythology were much older than the Greek civilization itself (as we know it today) and therefore they could be traced back to the age of the civilization of Atlantis. Could it be that these origins of Greek mythology, these testimonies from Atlantis, could have been spread to other parts of the world where it was passed on from where it ultimately took the form of the Greek, Norse and ancient Mesopotamian mythologies?

On the island Santorini (classically named Thera), which like Crete was part of the Greek archipelago, there would have been a devastating earthquake and a vulcanic eruption around 1628 BC. Although some think that Plato described the demise of this island, he explicitly mentioned that Atlantis was situated past the Columns of Heracles, which marks the beginning of the Atlantic Ocean, when sailing from Greece. Also, the period of the demise of Santorini (between 1627-1600 BC) doesn't match the period of the demise of Atlantis which Plato mentioned.

Kircher's map of Atlantis from the time frame around 10,000 BC.

Athanasius Kircher (1601-1680), a rennaissance man very much like Leonardo da Vinci, made a map (seen above) based on Plato's descriptions in his book "Mundus Subterraneus" (The Underground World) in ca. 1665. (Note that north is shown down and south is shown up.)

Vasilis Pashos' comprehensive map of the whole continent of Atlantis during its much earlier times.
(Possibly around 20,000 BC)

The map shown above had been drawn in the year 1979 by writer and researcher Vasilis Pashos, founder of the Atlantis Museum in Athens. It is based on ancient data of, amongst others; Plato ("Timaeus" and "Critias"), Diodoros Sikeliotis ("Historic Bookcase"), Poseidonios (Kikeron's teacher), and the work: "Collection of travellers' narrations" by the geographer Marchellus.

Atlantis Seamount, Plato Seamount and the grid pattern right-below.
(Click for a larger image)

Today there are two sea mounts named after both Atlantis and Plato; the "Atlantis Seamount", and the "Plato Seamount" (seen above) which are possibly described in his dialogs. (See the coordinates: 33 28'N, 28 39'W at Google Maps or Google Earth.) Google's world map, based on satellite images and bathymetric data, shows since the images from 2009 also a grid of lines that is situated a little eastward from these sea mounts. According to a Google spokesman these lines would be errors which would be corrected in the upcoming image data from 2012, but when this data emerged one could still see the very same grid pattern, although somewhat less noticeable because of the lower image quality and cleared out image data compared to the image data from 2011. 

Perhaps they think it must be an error because they simply could not believe it? There doesn't seem to be any good reason to exclude the possibility without any doubt that these couldn't be some kind of remnants from a sunken ancient civilization while on the other hand it is located near a place that Plato possibly could have been descriped in his dialogs. (See the chapter: "Geographic Evidence" for more information about this peculiar grid pattern.)

Plato was certainly not the first one who wrote about Atlantis. Possibly the oldest known mention of "Atlantis" could be traced back to the Oddysey of Homer. Homer was a Greek poet and singer who lived from around 800 to 750 BC. and he earned his money from collecting and writing down heroic legends, stories of gods and other mythical accounts. In his Oddysey, the sea-nymph Calypso was mentioned as being the daughter of Atlas, and she was also called "Atlantis" in ancient Greek. Her homeland was an island that was called Ogygia. The Ogygian flood, also known as the "deluge of Ogyges", is one of the three floods from ancient Greek myths. In many traditions the Ogygian flood is said to have been so devastating that it covered the whole world. The Greek word Ogygios meaning "Ogygian" came to be synonymous with "primeval", "primal" and "at earliest dawn", and thus Ogygia may be translated as "primeval land". It is however questionable whether Ogygia truely was (an island of) Atlantis. The Greek writer Hellanicus of Mytilene, who lived during the 5th century BC, also wrote about the daughter of Atlas in his work: "Atlantis" (or "Atlantias"), but unfortunately this work is mostly lost. Also during the 5th century, the Greek historian Herodotus already called the sea past the Pillars of Heracles (the Strait of Gibraltar) the: "Atlantis Sea" (the Atlantic Ocean).

Why there is relatively little written history left of a civilization which would have existed for such a long time could be due to the destruction of the great library of Alexandria in Egypt. This library was possibly the greatest library that has ever existed on earth; A large source of ancient literature, which for thousands of years had been the Western world's most important center of learning. Historians tell us that it was conceived and opened either during the reign of Ptolemy I Soter (323-283 BC) or his son Ptolemy II (283-246 BC), though its kept literature could have been much older, and could possibly have contained more literature about the ancient continent and civilization of Atlantis.

The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus (330-400 CE) wrote that the intelligentsia of Alexandria regarded the story and destruction of Atlantis a historical fact; It was described as a class of earthquakes that suddenly, by a violent motion, opened up huge mouths and so swallowed up portions of the earth, as once in the Atlantic Ocean a large island was swallowed up.

As read in the writings of the Greek historian Plutarch; Julius Caesar "accidentally" burned down the library, but probably not completely. In this time, a daughter library in the Serapeum temple still existed. It was finally completely destroyed during the conquest of Egypt by the Arabs in the year 642 AD. In 2004, a Polish-Egyptian excavation team announced its discovery of the remains of the long lost lecture halls, or auditoria of the library (BBC news), which proved without any doubt that this great library truely had existed. According to Edgar Cayce the library was initially estalished in the year 10,300 BC (Edgar Cayce reading 315-4).

Could it be that among these lost books there were more books about Atlantis, and could this be the most important reason why we know relatively little about Atlantis and her civilization, even though according various sources it would have existed for ten-thousands of years. There is actually a lot been written about Atlantis, even in this day and age; It is even said that it is the most documented subject in the history of literature. It is possible that it is referred to in ancient Hindu texts and it also became the subject of numerous esoteric, occult and theosofical works, and clairvoyant readings. However, many of the presented claims about Atlantis still remain to be proven for it to be regarded as factual evidence. Shirley Andrews which summarizes geologic and metaphysical evidence in her book: "Atlantis: Insights from a Lost Civilization" (1997).

The name "Atlantis" is a remarkable name; It is often thought to be connected to the god Atlas from Greek mythology: one of the sons of the god Poseidon and the first king of Atlantis. Possibly, the origins of this name may be traced back to Nahuatl; the language of the Aztecs. The name seems to be a composition of several words from the Nahua language; "atl" is the word for "water" and "atlan" means: in the middle of the water. (The word "antis" means: "copper".) "Azteca" (Aztec) is the Nahuatl word for "people from Aztlán" (source: Wikipedia), and Aztlán can be translated to: "place of origin". According to the history of the Aztec people of Mesoamerica, they originally came from a now lost land called "Aztlán", which they described like an island. The Aubin Codex tells that on Aztlán, the Aztecs fled from a tyrannical elite (the Azteca Chicomoztoca) and settled themselves into another land where they called themselves Mexica. (Scholars of the 19th century named them "Aztecs" again to distance modern Mexicans from pre-conquest Mexicans.) According to Patricia Cori's book "Atlantis Rising: The Struggle of Darkness and Light" (2001), "Atlán" (Aztlán?) was the capital of Atlantis during the third cycle, and was the cultural, scientific and spiritual center of the Atlantean civilization.

Mexican polymath and writer Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora (1645-1700) came into possession of an unique collection of manuscripts and paintings from the indigenous Mexican people, which he inherited from his friend Don Juan de Alva; the son of Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl and a direct descendant of the kings of Texcoco. Ixtlilxochitl was a learned man and wrote for the first time the history of Mexico into Spanish. In 1668, Sigüenza began the study of Aztec history and Toltec writing, and concluded that there had been another race of people before the Toltecs named the Olmecs. He believed that these Olmecs came from the mythical island of Atlantis and that they were responsible for the building of the pyramids at Teotihuacán. Later, after his death, his work was partly destroyed by the inquisition and another part became lost.

Fortunately, the Italian adventurer and traveler Gemelli Careri (1651-1725), with whom de Sigüenza also did share his information, included de Signüenza's information about Atlantis and the ancient Mexican calendar in his own book: "Giro del Mondo". (Source: "The Mayan Prophecies" (1995) by Adrian Gilbert and Maurice Cotterell.) In New Spain, Careri had the opportunity to study the pyramids carefully and their affinity to the Egyptian pyramids led him to believe that the ancient Egyptians and the Amerindians both descended from the inhabitants of Atlantis.

Other (possible) references to Atlantis by historians and other sources:

  • The Greek historian and rhetorician Theopompos (c. 380 BC) wrote of the huge size of Atlantis and its cities of Machimum and Eusebius and a golden age free from disease and manual labor.
  • The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (flourished between 60 and 30 BC) made a reference about Phoenicians had been to the immense "Atlantic island". He also wrote that these "Atlanteans" were engaged in war with the Amazonians.
  • The Greek historian Timagenus recorded the war between Atlantis and Europe. Tribes in ancient France said that Atlantis was their original home.
  • The Roman usurper Proculus (reigned c. 280 CE) visited the islands off Africa (Canaries or Azores) where the natives told him of the destruction of Atlantis.
  • In Norse mythology there is the mention of "Asgard"; a land or capital city situated in the centre of the world where the "Æsir" (the gods) lived. It may be that this Asgard was in fact the central situated capital of Atlantis which was named: "Atlantis City" by Plato.
  • The ancient "Thet Oera Linda Bok" (The Oera Linda Book) from the Netherlands (the oldest part is supposed to be dating from 2194 BC) mentions the submerge a large Atlantic island known as "Atland" (Frisian: "Atlân'') by vulcanic eruptions, earthquakes and rapid sea level changes. Its group of habitants who were followers of the goddes Freyja, fled to the place they later called "Frya's Land", currently known as the Dutch region of Friesland and its habitants are called Frisians today. The Frisian "Atlân" can be translated to "old land" and is similar to the Aztec "Aztlán" which could be translated as: "place of origin". (The text is fully readable online at:
  • The ancient writings of the Aztecs and Mayans: the Chilam Balam, Desden Codex, Popuhl Vuh, Codex Cortesianus and Troano Manuscript also had been interpret as histories of the destruction of the lost continents of both Atlantis and Lemuria.
  • English occult writer and inventor James Churchward (1851-1936) wrote several volumes of books documenting ancient writings he claimed to have translated in Southeast Asia concerning Atlantis and Mu, while geologist William Niven claimed to have excavated identical tablets in Mexico.
  • According to the book: "The Mythical Origin of the Egyptian Temple" (1969) by E.A.E. Reymond, the ancient Egyptian annals at the inside of the west wall of the Horus Temple at Edfu tell us about a vulcanic archipelago in the west that was their first home land, and this may relate to Atlantis as well.

Many ancient writings and stories from Greece, Egypt, the Mayans and the Aztecs, the Basques from Spain, the Gauls from France, the tribes of the Canary and Azores islands, the Frisians from the Netherlands, and many Amerindian tribes all speak of their origins from a large sunken land in the region of the Atlantic Ocean.

The Three Cataclysms

The famed American psychic Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) also referred to Atlantis as fact - not as fable. In a number of his readings, he spoke about past lives where people once had lived in Atlantis. Among Edgar Cayce's 14,306 documented readings, exactly 700 - which is less then 5% - mentioned Atlantis.

According to his readings; In the beginning, Atlantis was not a mere island but a large continent of the size of Europe, including Asia in Europe, that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Mediterrean Sea. Evidences of this lost civilization could be found in the Pyrenees and Morocco at one side, and in British Honduros, Yucatan and America on the other side of the world. Some parts including the British West Indies and the Bahamas, once were part of that huge continent, and the islands of the Azores once were its large mountain tops.

Edgar Cayce

The readings of Edgar Cayce suggest that 52,000 years ago, vulcanic eruptions and earthquakes started to cause a shift of the magnetic poles of the earth which resulted in the loss of land in Atlantis and eventually became an archipel of five islands. With the upheavals, the initial migrations from Atlantis took place in small numbers to the east and west. The earliest settlements were in the region of the Pyrenees in France and Spain and later in Central and South America.

According to the "Encyclopaedia Britannica", the original Canary Island Guanches: "are thought to have been of Cro-Magnon origin". Achaeology tells us that Cro-Magnon man, "invaded" the western shores of Europe and North Africa, in several waves around 35,000 BC. According to the theories of Scottish folklorist Lewis Spence and theosophical writers like William Scott-Elliot, these people were immigrants from the continent of Atlantis.

From "The History of Atlantis (1927)" by Lewis Spence:

“The discovery of this race [Cro-Magnon]. . . . at once aroused profound interest in the scientific world, for the height and brain-capacity remarked in the skeletal specimens recovered was so extraordinary as to force anthropologists to the conclusion that at one time a much higher type of man must have dwelt in Europe.” (p. 80)"

Within the period from 28,200 to 18,000 BC, there was another shift of the magnetic poles of the earth, which caused volcanic eruptions which led to great earth changes and the start of the last known glacial age. The Biblical "Deluge", or "Noah's Flood" was the second of the great flood which would have happened in: "two-thousand-two-two thousand and six" [22,006?] BC (Cayce 364-6). During this period Atlantis lost land again and became one island that was connected by a chain of islands to the land of North-America. Because of the upheavals, there were large movements of people who were migrating to other, safer parts of the earth including: the Americas, Egypt, India, Persia and Arabia (Cayce 364-13).

The remaining principal land areas in this part of the world were the islands of Poseidia in the North (West Indies area), Aryan in the central Atlantic and Peru in the west (then known as the land of Og). Also, two smaller islands that were known as Atalya and Eyre, which were under the rule of Aryan.

The Mahábhárata, one of the ancient Sanskrit texts of India (estimated from 600 BC), actually refers to "Atala, the White Island", which was situated in the far west. Often this description is believed to mean an island covered with snow like Greenland or Antartica, but did this text actually intended to refer to the white colour of the people's skin, and could this be the same island as the once Atlantic island: "Atalya"?

From section CCCXXXVII of the Mahábhárata:

"The men that inhabit that island have complexions as white as the rays of the Moon and they are devoted to Narayana... Indeed, the denizens of White Island believe and worship only one God."

According to James Tyberonn (, who allegedly channeled "Archangel Metatron", the Poseidians generally were followers of the ideology of the "Law of One", while the Aryans followed the ideology of the "Sons of Belial". In its final stage Atlantis (Poseidia) was taken over by the Aryans, whose ideology caused the spiritual and moral decline and the coming destruction. (The one that would have occurred around Edgar Cayce's timeframe of around 17,400 BC.)

The name "Aryan" is derived from the Sanskrit "Arya" meaning "noble". In the Sanskrit texts, people are usually called Arya or Anarya (not-noble) based on their behaviour. The term Aryan is usually described as a term for the Iranian people and the people from North India (Indo-Aryans) and the broad ethnical group to which these people belong. However, after World War II Aryan people are called "Indo Iranians", especially within the Western world. The name "Iran", which was called Persia in the past, roughly translates to "Land of the Aryans". The Persian king Darius I, also known as Darius the Great, would be of Aryan lineage according to the following inscription found in Iranian Nasqsh-e Rustam:

"I am Darius, the Great King, King of Kings, King of countries containing all kinds of men, King in this great earth far and wide, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, a Persian, son of a Persian, an Aryan, having Aryan lineage."


The German philosopher Friedrich von Schlegel asserted in his book: "Über die Sprache and Wisheit " (1808), that Aryans from India were the founders of the first European civilizations. According to certain occult texts (possibly from Helena Blavatsky) the Aryan race originated from the civilization of Atlantis. Adolf Hitler was convinced of the occult information about Atlantis and actually undertook expeditions to search and retrieve the supposed superiour technology, which would be a great advantage in warfare. He actually believed that the Aryan race was the most exalted among the human races and idealized this race as the model of the superiourly regarded "übermensch". The Aryan race was typically discribed as: tall, white skinned with blonde hair and blue eyes.

Many writers on the topic of extraterrestrial visitors unanimously agree that the original Aryans were in fact the descendants of the Martian people that had fled to the earth in the ancient past, also known as the "sons of God" who were mentioned in the Bible and in Biblical apocrypha as the "watchers". According to Zecharia Sitchin's translation of the ancient Sumerian clay tablets they were the Igigi; a group from a colony on Mars and who were part of a larger group: the "Anunnaki", which are today regarded as the ancient Mesopotamian dieties. (See the chapters: "The Sons of God and the Daughters of Man" and "Zecharia Sitchin about the Face on Mars".) The word "Aryan" might be somehow related to the Greek god Ares, later known by the Romans as the god Mars (the god of war), and thus perhaps could mean: "coming from Ares/Mars".

After the great  upheavals, Atlantis underwent a great destruction around 17,400 BC, which he called "the first destruction of Atlantis". (Cayce 364-11.) The second and final destruction happened in 9,900 BC, where another shift of the magnetic poles caused the final demise of Atlantis, and also the end of the last glacial age. During this period the last remaining great islands of Atlantis sank into the sea. Only its scattered mountain peaks remained, which are now known as the islands of the Azores. The people that were able to escape at that time, fled to places including: Egypt, Yucatan and Mexico. (Cayce 364-1 and 288-1.)

Plato's dialog "Timaeus" also mentioned multiple great floods that would have happened in the ancient past and also mentioned an noble, exalted race of men who once lived during these times:

"As for those genealogies of yours which you just now recounted to us, Solon, they are no better than the tales of children. In the first place you remember a single deluge only, but there were many previous ones; in the next place, you do not know that there formerly dwelt in your land the fairest and noblest race of men which ever lived, and that you and your whole city are descended from a small seed or remnant of them which survived. And this was unknown to you, because, for many generations, the survivors of that destruction died, leaving no written word."

(From Plato's: "Timaeus" (21a-27b))

Technological Advancements

Based on certain esoteric and occult books and the readings from Edgar Cayce; It took the Atlanteans some "200,000 years" to advance to a technologically high level of development. (Cayce 364-4) Early on, they already learned to use gas for transport balloons made from animal skins, discovered electricity, and at later times they developed flying "ships", advanced forms of communication, and a "power plant" which operated through the use of a "great crystal" that could capture and store the energy gathered from the sun, the moon and other cosmic energies.

Initially, the energy of the "great crystal" had been used as a spiritual tool for those who could handle the great energy. Later it was used for rejuvenation of the human body, and the transmission of energy throughout the land - like radio waves - which powered crafts and vehicles that traversed the land, through the sky and under the sea at the speed of sound. They where also able to levitate huge stones by altering and nullifying gravity, through a higher understanding of the workings of nature, sound and vibrations.

This crystal had been referred to as the "tuaoi stone" or "firestone", had been described as huge in size, six sided, cylindrical in length, prismatic in shape, and opalescent (almost transparent), and could be tuned to various levels to produce power. The crystal was housed in a dome where insulation materials, "akin to asbestos" where used. This probably means that the crystal could generate a large amount of heat and the scattered conserved light issuing forth from all the facets would mean that the crystal would be glowing with light, thus the name "firestone" would be appropriate. Edgar Cayce described the construction of this stone in Reading 440-5: 

"As to describing the manner of construction of the stone, we find it was a large cylindrical glass (as would be termed today), cut with facets in such a manner that the capstone on top of same made for the centralizing of the power or force that concentrated between the end of the cylinder and the capstone itself."

In the book Ezekiel - part of the Bible - there is the mention of "fiery stones" which where located at the "mount of God". (See Ezekiel 28:14and 28:16.)
A "fiery stone" is usually explained as an old word for "gemstone". Likely it was called this way because it would shine like fire when exposed by light.

The disaster that caused the second period of disturbances (starting around 28,000 BC), was due to the overtuning, or overcharging, of their largest crystal generator which was located near the so-called "Bermuda Triangle" in the area of the islands of Bermuda in the Atlantic Ocean. As incredible amounts of energy were stored inside something like an underground battery and eventually got overloaded and caused a massive explosion, one can imagine that would lead to some major disturbances within the earth crust, and because of this; the sinking of much land mass.

This now damaged generator would periodically trigger a massive shift of unfocused electromagnetic energy which could dematerialize its direct surroundings, which can cause both ships and planes to go astray. The current scientific theory is that this place is dangerous because of certain gasses that are emerging from the bottom of the ocean which could nullify the natural carrying capacity of water and air, causing both ships and planes to crash into the bottom of the ocean. Such a threat would only be possible through the release of a great amount of gas at once. However, such a great release would be regarded as highly unnatural, so what exactly causes these releases of gas? Even leaks or drillings could not release such a great amount at once.

According to the readings of trance medium Daan Akkerman; Planet Earth originally had two moons and there was no rise and fall of the Earth's oceans. When a meteor was about to make an impact upon the earth, people tried to change its orbit with a form of nuclear fusion. They failed however, and the meteor struck, destroying one of the moons. Because of the disturbance of this imbalance, the rise and fall of the oceans were the result, causing the enormous contintent to be changed into multiple large islands and later in smaller ones. This impact, and also the use of technology for wrong purposes, which caused that the forces of nature turned against man, was the beginning of the demise of Atlantis. Various species of animals became mass extinct, of which most of current modern scientists wrongly dated its remains back to millions of years, though this was only about 25,000 years ago. (Freely translated from: "Atlantis en ufo's (2003)".)

Trance medium Rev. Douglas James Cottrell also described some of the technology and machinery which would have been developed in Atlantis:

"For the Atlanteans were a red race, red skin. [He probably meant Atlantis' original race.] They lived in close harmony with nature. They believed the spirit was within all things and they imitated nature in all their undertakings. Their boats would look like fish - well, the shape of whales more exactly. Their machinery would look, or copy, which would be found in nature. If an animal could claw its way through dirt, they would make a machine that would look similar. Their airplanes would look like birds; the eagle and the hawk, you'll say.

And even now in this time of the world, designers of ships and airplanes are indeed copying what is already in nature: they emulate what they perceive; in the bird or the fish, in order for their machine that goes through the air or the water to function more correctly. As then as now they copied nature. They had great understanding how to live within the laws of nature. The druids, or the Atlanteans, were the remnants of Atlantis, knew geometry, knew astronomy, they understood electricity, and laser: the concentration of light.

It was a point of power or influence that extented in all directions. We would see that this is in line with the grids or pyramids upon the earth, and there was a purpose for this. Who were these ancient peoples? They were the same peoples who migrated from Lemuria to Atlantis and went in the north-eastely direction to Europe itself. See?"

(Source: Rev. Douglas James Cottrell PhD: the purpose of Stonehenge in England, by Rammsteinregeln.)

The mention of a ship in the form of a whale is also a very interesting detail what could mean that the fish or whale (depending on translation) that swallowed Jonah in the Biblical story of Jonah, could have been in fact an Atlantean ship or submarine instead of a real whale. In any case, it is actually impossible to survive within the belly of a real whale, and certainly not as long as the mentioned "three days and three nights", as the stomach acids would be fatal to any human.

Artistic interpretation of Atlantis in its later ages.
(Click image to enlarge)

The book: "A Dweller on two Planets" (1894) (by the ascended master Phylos the Thibetan, channeled through Frederick S. Oliver) describes many aspects of the Atlanean civilization at a certain point in time, including geological situation, buildings, religion, education, technology and politics. There was a caste system in Atlantis, which lead to great competition among the people. For this reason, many people where highly educated, which allowed them to acclaim higher functions, better opportunities and civil rights. Lower educated people ended up in lower classes which and could have a hard time possibly while living in poverty. In Atlantis City, each class of the population lived in a different area of Atlantis.

Curiously, the book also describes various kinds of technology that had still not yet been invented during 1894; the year this book had been written. It includes: a portable communication device like todays wireless mobile phone which could also transmit pictures, a kind of gun that used electricity instead of bullets, flying machines that worked through the means of anti-gravity, and even some devices that are unknown to current modern society.

There were also people with extraordinary paranomal abilities and there even was described that someone had been petrified with merely a single gaze. Without doubt this would sound very unbelievable and those who are familiar with Greek mythology would undoubtly think of the legend of Medusa, who could do the same. However, in the year 2005 it had been rediscovered that petrification is actually possible within a couple of days - instead of millions of years - in an artificial manner, and is used amongst others for the petrification of wood in the constuction industry, possibly because of the research of the discovery of the Italian anatomist Giovan Battista Rini (1795-1856), who had found a method to "petrify" deceased people by the means of a chemical process that is similar to the method by which one today can petrify wood. (Sources: and Now that it is proven that organic material can be petrified in a matter of days we should ask ourselves again the question about the age of the fossilized remains of the dinosaurs, because there are multiple indications that humans and dinosaurs once lived together. (See the chapter: "Huge Beasts".)

According to the book, this "advanced" technology and knowledge was already lost nine centuries prior to the final demise of the Atlantis, due to the destruction of Marzeus: the city of manufacturing arts, by the "Navaz" forces (explained as "earth-currents" at page 37) which they had "forgotten how to control" (page 211). This is particulary reminiscent of Edgar Cayce's readings about the overtuning of the Great Crystal.

From page 205 of "A Dweller on Two Planets":

"And when manhood suffers decadence, degradation, all nature with which he has to do also sensibly alters for the worse. Marzeus, the city of manufacturing arts, was no more; it had gone down before corruption. Art had not suffered so much as had science. But the science which drew upon the mysterious forces of Nature the “navaz” - this had so far disappeared that airships were forgotten, or at most were semi−mythical history.

So were many other instruments which Zailm had known - the naima, those wonderful, wireless, combined telephonic and photographic image transmitters. And the vocaligrapha, the caloriveyant instruments ["a device which would save fuel, energy to be converted into heat for cooking and other purposes" (page 37)] and the water−generators − all were lost in the night of time. But the men of the twentieth century shall find them all again."

When Plato described Atlantis in his dialogs, most of this advanced technology had already been lost for many centuries. During these times, the Atlanteans relied once again on more primitive transport, like wooden ships to sail the sea. In "Timaeus" he described that Atlantis was a dominant military power that waged wars with other parts of the world to conquer land for colonization. The proud Atlanteans still had a powerful army, but were greatly humiliated when they were defeated in their attempt to penetrate to the city that was later known as Athens, thanks to the courageous military actions by the female leader of the Hellenes (the old Greeks).

Signs of various kinds of lost technology, which possibly originated in Atlantis, and maybe even more back into the times of Lemuria, are evident in and around many ancient megalithic structures around the globe such as in Egypt, Baalbek, Machu Pichu, England and many others. Often these structures are built with a frame of huge stone blocks which sometimes are weighing multiple hundreds of tons, therefore it is unthinkable how they could have moved - and more importantly: lifted - these without the use of modern mechanized cranes.

It is apparent that at some point in time, people stopped to use these large and heavy stones for construction purposes, which could mean that they this technology or knowlegde at this point. This seems evident in the restoration work at certain megalitic sites in Meso-America were smaller stones were used to fill in the gaps between the stones which were formed by earthquakes. Also, at certain constructions like in Egypt and Baalbek, there are some very heavy stones which are just laying around, as if they were never had been put to into place. Could this be because they just weren't abe to move them anymore?

These ancients were also able to carve and deform the hardest types of stone with such accurate precision as if they where laser cut. This curious kind of stone masonry is found at those megalithic sites from Egypt, Puma Punku and Cuzco. These achievements could be considered as the smoking guns for the evidence of ancient lost technology and should be receiving more serious attention and research.

Building with great blocks of stone may be considered primitive by some but stone is actually one of the most durable materials for construction. The advantage of using very heavy stones is that they have far superiour resistance against earthquakes and violent storms. Materials like metals, plastics and wood (paper), which are abundantly in use in modern times, aren't actually very durable at all. If there would be remains to be found, made of these not-so-durable materials, after a time period of 10,000 years, it would have to be exceptionally well conserved and protected from natural influences like humidity, corrosion and erosion, because otherwise there would be (as good as) nothing left of it today.

Atlantean Flying Machines

The world's earliest accounts of flying "machines" had been mentioned in the ancient texts from India called the Vedas (Hindu poems), especially in the Mahábhárata, Bhágavata Purána and Rámáyana, by the name of "Vimana" (in some modern Indian languages the word for "aircraft"), These craft could even travel in space as there is the mention of a battle on the moon between two craft. They were described in various shapes and sizes: cigar shaped, blimp-like, saucer-shaped, triangular and double-decked. (See: and Wikipedia.)

The book: "A Dweller on Two Planets" (1894), describes a certain Atlantean cigar-shaped flying machine which resembles a modern passenger aircraft, though without wings and a tail. From its descriptions, it doesn't rely on aero-dynamic forces, but instead uses the forces that could be considered gravitational/anti-gravitational. This flying machine is called a "vailx", and is also mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit texts from India as "vailix" (
"vailixi" in plural form) as the flying craft of the Ashvins (gods). It is said that when the 18 year old author of "A Dweller on Two Planets" channeled this information, he could impossibly have known of these ancient Sanskrit texts. Also, besides some early experimentations, airplanes wouldn't been invented until the year 1899, at the time when the American Wright Brothers designed their first aircraft: a small biplane glider flown as a kite.

Quoting from page 75 of the book "A Dweller on Two Planets":

"Our vailx was of the middle traffic−size, these vessels being made in four standard lengths: number one, about twenty−five feet; number two, eighty feet; number three, something like one hundred and fifty−five feet, while the largest was yet two hundred feet longer than the third size. These long spindles were in fact round, hollow needles of aluminum, formed of an outer and an inner shell between which were many thousands of double T braces, an arrangement productive of intense rigidity and strength. All the partitions made other braces of additional resistant force. From amidships the vessels tapered toward either end to sharp points. Most vailxi were provided with an arrangement allowing, when desired, an open promenade deck at one end. Windows of crystal, of enormous resistant strength, were in rows like portholes along the sides, a few on top, and others set in the floor, thus affording a view in all directions."

"Vailx" (from "A Dweller on Two Planets").

"Aerial-submarine vessel entering the water"
(from "A Dweller on Two Planets").

Besides the influence from the Sanskrit texts, in the book there are also used words that are similar to words of Meso-American languages (for example the word: "Incal"), Old Greek and Latin. Not only the more frequent use of the character "x" in words, but also the "-i" suffix in the plural form is clearly present in both the Greek and Latin languages. The English pronounciation of the word: "vailx" or "vailix" is remarkably similar to the Latin word: "velox", from which the "velocity" orginated. In modern language we could perhaps translate "vailx" to a "speeder".

Also the book: "The Story of Atlantis" (1896), by William Scott-Elliot, clearly mentioned this kind of flying machines before the Wright brothers made their first succesful flight. Here they were called "air-boats" because their shape looked like a boat but without a deck. They would be able to travel around 100 miles per hour but only up to a height of a few hundred feet. First they existed from very thin wood but were later made of an alloy of light metals that made it sturdier and even lighter, and what looked white like aluminium. It could raise vertically and move horizontally due to a propelling force that was of an etheric nature, and that was guided from a generator in the middle of the ship to two flexible horizontal and eight fixed vertical tubes and exhaused through the same. The angle of the flexible horizontal tubes were controllable so that the angle of the propelling force could be changed. According to the book, its information is based upon clairvoyant research and apparently the information of the Theosophical Society. (This book is fully readable at:

In one his readings, Edgar Cayce also mentioned ships that "sailed both in the air and under water":

"The entity then acted in the capacity of one who guided the ships that sailed both in the air and under water; also was the maker of that which produced the elevators and the connecting tubes that were used by compressed air and steam and the metals in their emanations."

(From: Edgar Cayce Reading: 2157-1)

American psychic Paul Solomon also mentioned and described these Atlantean flying machines in one of his "Source Readings" (reading #5, March, 1972). A small excerpt from the text:

"Now this is Poseida, and this is fantastic. It’s like a different world altogether because there are flying machines all over. I see so many of them flying. Now you (Harry Snipes, the conductor) were a pilot of a machine, a flying machine that worked in this way: the power of this machine comes from two sources, from above and from the earth side. There is a magnetism from the Sun or from the celestial forces that draws upon the ship and there is magnetism from the earth that draws upon the ship. These ships operate by creating a balance between the two forces. Solar energy is used to counteract the magnetism of the earth. The power that provides the thrust is on the nature of what we would call a laser beam that operates through a copper conductor that runs in two long channels along the base of the ship. The ship has a shape like a long cylinder, no wings, only these two runners along the bottom that appear as copper."

(Source with more info:

In the second part of his reading, Paul Solomon also mentioned another type of flying machine described as small winged aircraft:

"Channel: I see another unusual flying machine. I don’t know where this is. I assume this must be part of the Atlantean existence. This is a one-man craft. It is ridden similar to the manner of the motorcycle without wheels, but it has curved wings; that is, the wings extend outward and curve downward at the tips, just slightly longer than a man’s arms, maybe two feet longer on each side. Now these machines are black; the legs of the man wrap around a cylinder which produces the propelling force, but I see nothing of fire or smoke vapor. This is an electro-magnetic force. It’s activated by a copper core that runs about three quarters of the length. It appears hollow in the back. It relates to another force on the other side and they seem to develop some sort of polarity in relation to each other to equalize pressure or magnetic force on both sides of the ship. Now the body would seem to be in direct contact with this core that runs along the topside of the machine and the body is lying upon the machine facing forward. The controls are operated by the hands and fingers on either side of the machine as the arms reach around the machine and forward. Now the protective shield in front of the face again is not transparent, but would seem transparent from the side on which the operator reclines, for it has a sensitive screen that reveals images of that which it is approaching. They seem to be capable of going high into space, somehow, with no harmful effects to the rider."


One of these Colombian "Golden Airplanes".

Another "Golden Airplane".

This description sounds similiar to these enigmatic small objects (ca. 8-12 cm in length), dubbed by some as "golden airplanes" (seen above), which originated from the Tolima Indians in Colombia, and are believed to be at least 1,500 years old. (Because they are made of gold, accurate dating is impossible.) Museums from Germany and Colombia who have these objects on display, claim these objects to be ficticious sculptures related to flying fish, insects and birds.

By closer inspection however, these seem to be models of machines build with advanced knowledge of technology and aerodynamics. These models appear to be equipped with both a horizontal and a vertical stabilizer and on some models we can even make out rudders and elevators, while other designs were built in a way that the stabilizers themselves could act as rudders and elevators. Further we can see what looks like a seat of a motor cycle; a wind shield, and cylinders which could be related to its way of propulsion. It seems to match quite well with the description that Paul Solomon gave about these flying machines, who assumed that these could have been part of the Atlantean existence.

Swiss author Erich von Däniken, especially known from his populair book: "Chariots of the Gods?" (1968), once undertook experiments to build scale models of these statues out of molden plastic, of about a meter in size, and only being powered by a front propellor. These models were being proven aero dynamic and able to fly through the air. (See this video:  "The Mysterious World - Search for Ancient Technology", at 7:45.)

Trance medium Daan Akkerman mentioned in one of his readings that those extraterrestrial "angels" (see the chapter: "Mesopotamian Scriptures") were able to manifest and dematerialize at will, during the earlier times of Atlantis and before, and were able to travel between time and dimensions of time, with the aid of small airplane-like craft.
Perhaps these "Golden Airplanes" could have been imitations of these craft.

Eklal Kueshana, author of the book: "The Ultimate Frontier", described yet another type of Atlantean craft. He wrote in an article from 1996 that the vailixi were first developed in Atlantis around 18,000 BC. During this time, the most common ones had the shape of what we know today as a flying saucer:

"...saucer shaped of generally trapezoidal cross-section with three hemispherical engine pods on the underside."

"They used a mechanical antigravity device driven by engines developing approximately 80,000 horse power."

The chariot that had been witnessed and described by the Biblical prophet Ezekiel might have been such an saucer shaped Atlantean aircraft. The description of "wheels within wheels" hints to a saucer shaped craft. Edgar Cayce mentioned in his descriptions of Atlanean flying craft: "for the manners of transportation, the manners of communications were such as Ezekiel described at a later date" (Cayce 1859-1). According to trance medium Rev. Douglas James Cottrell, Ezekiel witnessed a "vehicle that would run by gravity and anti-gravity means". (See the video: "Ezekiel's wheel, the Garden of Eden, and the Dinosaurs' demise", by Rammsteinregeln.)

Also in the "Hakatha"; the"Laws of the Babylonians", there is the actual mention of flying machines and that they inherited the knowlegde of flight from ancient times:

"The privilege of operating a flying machine is great. The knowledge of flight is among the most ancient of our inheritances. A gift from 'those from upon high'. We received it from them as a means of saving many lives."


Image from Nürnberg's newspaper from april 4, 1561

On 14 april 1561, the newspaper of the city Nürnberg described a battle in the sky between fast moving balls, crosses and tubes (see image above). After about an hour these objects would have crashed to the earth, where they seemed to burn and finally crumbled on the ground with lots of smoke. At present day, this story is a popular example from ufos in the past, because nobody can explain for certain what actually happened here. The tubes in the depiction seem to look like vailxi, while the balls could perhaps represent flying saucers. The black arrow probably illustrates a compass needle that indicates north, to imply that the scene was witnessed in the eastern direction.

The futuristic looking Atlantean vailxi bear an uncanny resemblance to those kind of cigar-shaped UFOs which had been reported from as early as 1942 to this day. (See: www.ufoevidence.orgMaybe the earliest known official report of a similar object did come from the report by the crew of 61 Sqdn. Captain W/O Lever, during the raid on Turin, at the night of November 28/29th in the year 1942:

 Maybe the earliest known official report of a similar object did come from the report by the crew of 61 Sqdn. Captain W/O Lever, during the raid on Turin, at the night of November 28/29th in the year 1942:

"The object was seen by the entire crew of the above aircraft. They believe it to have been 200-300 feet in length and its width is estimated at 1/5th or 1/6th of its length. The speed was estimated at 500 m.p.h., and it had four pairs of red lights spaced at equal distances along its body. These lights did not appear in any way like exhaust flames; no trace was seen. The object kept a level course. The crew saw the object twice during the raid and brief details are given below."


Could these sightings in any way have been related to those Atlantean craft? If yes, what could that possibly mean? Because the earliest official sightings were reported during the World War II, could it be that some of these Atlantean craft were found once earlier and are treated as a military secret? Could it be possible that these craft and other advanced knowlegde and technology came from a highly developed extraterrestrial civilization, like the earlier mentioned Martian people who would have fled to the earth? Because without advanced spacecraft it is not possible to travel from Mars to the Earth in a physical body of flesh and blood. (More about Mars in the chapter about Mars.)

Dutch trance medium Daan Akkerman explained in his book: "Lanto 1: Atlantis en ufo's (2003)", that UFOs could concern two different cases, namely: metaphysical visitations from far away dimensions and images from a reality outside our time, originating from the Lemurian age, which could become visible to man under certain ideal circumstances. The Canadean deep trance medium Douglas James Cottrell  (PhD) also gave nearly the same explanations for this phenomenon in his e-book: "Unexplained 1 (2013)", in which he referred to the Atlantean vehicles that could travel both in the air as through the water by means of magnetic and anti-magnetic forces and explained these kind of sightings as coming into contact which what happened in the past. (Perhaps we could see it as a kind of energetic mirage from the ancient past.) Both Daan Akkerman as Douglas James Cottrell decladed that there is no other physical extraterrestrial life within this universe, but there would however beother life in other dimensions and other universes.

Asteroid or space ship?

In the year 2007, a story surfaced about a city and an ancient space ship on the far side of the moon ( from someone who called himself William Rutlegde and claimed to had been a member of the Apollo 20 crew. He posted some of his videos on his Youtube channel as the user: "retiredafb". While this story had been proved to be a hoax on the "Godlike Productions" forum (see: here), especially concerning the real identity of "retiredafb", and the fake city, it is still not known what this cylindrical cigar-shaped object is supposed to be (see above), as it is shown in official NASA images from the Apollo 15 and 17 missions. (See NASA Apollo 15 image 9625 and image 9630.)

It seems to be a very large object which seems to be sticking partly out of a crater. It also stands out quite a bit in the local surroundings. Because there aren't other large rocks in the neighbouring area, it may be nothing more other than a crashed asteroid. It looks pretty much like a cigar shaped Atlantean Vailix as described and pictured in Frederick S. Oliver's book, but for this object being a kind of spaceship may be considered improbable due to its supposedly enormous length of 3 to 5 km.

In any case we can not say that it is impossible to make flying saucers and such. On May 16, 2011, the Iranian press office Fars made it public that the government of Iran had created an actual flying saucer. The inventor,  the Iranian nuclear physicist Mehran Tavakoli Keshe, explained that he had developed a special plasma reactor that could manipulate the field of gravity or magnetism to produce movement. Keshe had shared his knowlegde with governments around the world to make sure this technology could be widely applied on many fields and that it would not fall in the hands of a small number of people who could keep it for themselves and potentionally misuse it.

Huge Beasts

Edgar Cayce also told in his readings about "huge beasts" and "giant lizards", which lived in the earlier times of Atlantis. He mentioned that the first ape-like human beings, which were living in caves, existed as early as 10,500,000 BC (Cayce reading 2665-2). In the times of Atlantis, around 50,000 BC, enormous carnivorous beasts were threating man in many parts of the world. Mankind did built gigantic architecture to partially keep the large animals from entering a city and partially for earthquake stability. At a later time there had been a gathering of people from five nations around the world, where the decision had been made to exterminate these beasts, because otherwise people may had not been able to survive (reading 262-39).

First poisonous gasses were used in the caves where they dwelled, but this wasn't a huge success; Because of sudden wind changes these gasses came back to the people and it often only made the beast come out enraged. They ultimately coped with them with explosives and by "sending out super-cosmic rays from various central plants". In 1932 he said: "These rays will be discovered within the next twenty-five years." This could have been referred to the later (re-)discovery of the anti-neutron beam. There was another ray which created a radiating force by storing up energy in a small insulating crystal of special magnetic properties, so that the crystal passes on more energy that it receives. This sound very much like the laser, which also wasn't discovered until the sixties.

The huge and numerous gas pockets were blown open in the lairs of the animals which precipated volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in the still slowly cooling earth, and caused the first continental catastrophe which affected both Lemuria and Atlantis; The axis of the world started to shift, which led to the beginning of the last great ice age. Lemuria was the first to be affected while Atlantis followed shortly. After the cataclysm, the huge beasts did became nearly extinct.

Could it be that among these giants beasts/lizards there were those giant reptiles we know today as dinosaurs? And could it be possible that these animals still have survived up to the early times of Atlantis? Edgar Cayce is not alone in this claim, as various psychic intuitives made the mention of large, currently extinct animals, who lived in the same time frame as mankind. Trance medium Daan Akkerman asserted that most of current modern scientist wrongly dated the remains of these animals back to millions of years, it would have concerned animals that lived "only" 25,000 years ago.

According to trance medium Douglas James Cottrell around 23,000 years ago was the time of the Grand Meeting of all chiefs of the world to do away with those large beasts (these we might term "prehistoric") that were deemed destructive and a menace to the earth. These beasts were the reason for the construction of certain ancient underground "cities", wherein these beasts could not enter. He was also once asked about the demise of the dinosaurs, the answer was:

"Those beasts that ran upon the earth itself, that were somewhat an inconvenience to those humans who lived upon the earth at the time. There would be, first: the climatic changes that would be similar to this, but as such there would be the shift at the planets' rotation, and as such, those that would be existing in humid climates - as most of these beasts did - they would have been shifted or put into very cold climates, and this would have caused their demise, but primarly it would be large masses of water sweeping across the continent itself.

Evidence of this would be the caches of bones found along hills or mountain ranges or ridges, in which their carcasses would have been swept and deposited as you would say. When you find them in large groupings, these are not pawns that they have fallen into, it is that their bodies had been swept across the mass of land as large waves have come across the landmass, and they would have drowned, you would say."

(Source: Rev. Douglas James Cottrell DTM Session: Ezekiel's wheel, the Garden of Eden, and the Dinosaurs' demise, by Rammsteinregeln)

Current modern science is under the assumption that all species of dinosaurs abruptly became fully extinct some 65 million years ago, and that no man ever lived when dinosaurs where around. This would be because no remains were found that dated back to much earlier times. However, could it be possible their datings were, for whatever reason, more or less off the hook? The earth was quite active in the past, and because of: tectonic activity, dramatic climate changes, the possibility and consideration of pole shifts and floods, one could not always say that: "the deeper the fossilized bones of a dinosaur where found, the older it must be".

Fossilized bones are bones that are turned into stone, and stone as a material itself cannot be directly dated by any currently known dating technique. Long it has been assumed that petrification must take millions of years, but as explained in the previous chapter: "Technological Advancements", it is since the year 2005 discovered that - under special conditions - it is possible for petrification to happen in only a few days, perhaps due to a certain yet unknown natural process. Today's scientists could be wrong in their findings that these animals became fully extinct millions of years ago, as there could be the possiblity that at least some species may have survived much longer.

There are certain clues, found in our myths, legends and folklore, that some, possibly small number of dinosaur species might have survived a lot longer, even up to medieval times. The taxon "dinosauria" was formally named in 1842 by paleontologist Sir Richard Owen, but before these times these fearful beasts were possibly already mentioned in the myths and legends of various old and ancient civilizations as "dragons". Large lizards like the komodo dragon still live up to this day, and as with crocodiles, lizards, snakes, turtles and sharks; these species already existed millions of years ago. So why would we consider it to be impossible that other large reptiles could have survived a lot longer than previously thought? Dragons are mentioned in Norse, Greek and Chinese mythology and in medieval legends such as St. George and the Dragon. According to description and illustrations these were often slender, serpent- or lizardlike creatures, often with four paws and sometimes with wings, and while they were not exceptionally huge proportions, they still were deadly predators. Some medieval depictions of dragons are looking much like the dragons as depicted in Chinese art. (See for example this image from the work "Roman de Brut" by the 14th century poet Wace.) The dragon is also part of the animals from the Chinese zodiac, where the all other animals are known non-mythological creatures, which could suggest that the dragon was also once seen as a creature that once really existed.

Dragons were also mentioned in both the Old and the New Testament of the Bible. Its original Old-Hebrew is "Tanniyn" which is generally translated to: dragon, serpent, or sea monster.In the "Book of Job", there is a list of impressive real animals which includes the "Behemoth" (see Job 40:15-24) and the "Leviathan" (see the books Job, Psalm and Isaiah). During medieval times the Behemoth had been interpret as an elephant until the French Protestant pastor Samuel Bochart suggested in his "Hierozoicon" (1663) that it could be a hippopotamus, and remained the most common interpretation so far. The suggestion of a dinosaur has only arisen in relatively modern times. The scarce description of the behemoth is that of a huge grass eating animal, like a sauropod dinosaur like the Diplodocus. The Leviathan is described as a powerful serpent-like sea creature with limbs, which could refer to the Plesiosaur or the more fearful looking Mosasaur, both huge prehistoric sea creatures. Interestingly enough, Daan Akkerman's readings mention that the story in the "Book of Job" took place during the even older pre-Atlantean times of Lemuria (900,000 BC to 250,000 BC - according to Edgar Cayce).

Among the apocrypha, there is the story of "Bel and the Dragon", where the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar kept a great dragon in the temple of the (false) diety Bel. This dragon might have looked like the animal which is now known as the "mushhushshu", which was depicted in ancient Babylon art for centuries, and also was shown at walls of the "Ishtar Gate" from Babylon. (See the chapter "Legendary Creatures".)

One of the many Ica Stones.

This seems to be depicting a scene where dinosaurs are hunted by men.

During the 1500s, Spanish Conquistadors brought back stories that there were stones with strange creatures carved on them found in a cave near Ica, Peru. They were believed to be ceremonial burial stones from the Nazca culture. Some of the stones were even brought back to Spain. In his work: "Relacion de antique dades d'este reyno del Peru", Indian chronicler Juan de Santa Cruz Pachucuti Llamgui already wrote in the year 1571 about these strange engraved stones from Ica, long before the very first remains of a dinosaur were recognized in the early 19th century. These stones were called "Manco" and were found in the "Kingdom of Chperu"-tomb in Chinchayunga.

The Ica stones were popularized in 1970 by Dr. Javier Cabrera, a Peruvian medical doctor who received an engraved stone as a birthday gift. In thrity-five years, he had collected over 11,000 engraved stones. The clearly illustrated andesite stones are depicting humans, dinosaurs (of the Jurassic type), even humans riding and fighting with dinosaurs, advanced technology like telescopes, maps of the earth (including what very much looks like the lost continent of Atlantis), ritual and sexual depictions, and more.

This stone seems to be a very abstract world map showing America (center), Lemuria (left) and Atlantis (right). It is probable that the little figures within the square boxes show the kind of animals and vegetation within that area.

One of the stones seems to be a map of the world including the large continent of Atlantis (left from the center).

Research has shown that erosion of the images on the stone was minimal, therefore it is believed by many they couldn't be very old. However, the oxidisation in the carvings of one of the Ica stones has been dated to at least 55,000 years old, which places its origins right within the time frame given by Edgar Cayce when dinosaurs still would have roamed on the earth and co-existed with man. (More information and photo's at: and
Some ceramic figurines from Acámbaro.

In 1944 in Acámbaro, Mexico, there allegedly had been found several thousands of small ceramic figurines in the form of dinosaurs, and humans riding them. They are generally regarded as a hoax, because it was rumoured that these kind of figures where still being made by traditional artists in more recent and modern times. Though, this does not exclude the possiblity that these kind of figures could be based on much older ones. It is often said that there is no reliable evidence for the validity of these figures as actual ancient artifacts. In 1955, outcomes of radio-carbon dating of these figures in New Jersey showed an age between 1,600 BC and 1,110 CE. More surprisingly, an additional 18 pieces were dated by the University of Pennsylvania at around 2,500 BC. (Source:

Depiction of a dinosaur in a Buddhist temple?
(Click to enlarge)

A close-up. (Click to enlarge)

Another image, which shows a little more depth.
(Click to enlarge)

At the ruins of an ancient Buddhist temple called Ta Prohm, near Angkor Wat in Cambodia, there is a certain stone relief depicting humans, various animals and what seems to be mythological creatures. Around these animals we can see decorations that may represent cycles of creation, possible related to the evolution of these animals. Among these animals, there is one particular animal which seems to have plates on his back, just like a stegosaurus.

However, the head of the animal is too large for any kind of stegosaurus that we know of today, as all known species of Stegosauria actually had a proportionally small head. Some assume that these plates are part of the surrounding ornaments, but this does not seem to be the case as the forms of these plates are actually similar to those of a stegosaurus and do not fully match the shapes of the ornaments, and also, these kind of plates or ornaments are missing in the depictions if the animals above and below the stegosaurus.

Apart from the plates, the animal looks somewhat like a rhinocerus instead, especially the Sumatran rhinocerus because of its short horn. The rhinocerus however, always has a very thin and short tail, unlike the thick tail in the pictures above. Because of the large head, the heavy build and the seemingly absence of a horn, it also shares some characteristics of the toxodon, which was a mammal which looked like a rhino without a horn, that according to archaeology became extinct at the end of the Pleistocene, which was around 12,000 years ago. But like the rhinocerus, the toxodon also had a thin and short tail. Whether it depicts a stegosaurus or not, it seems to depict some kind of prehistoric, now extinct animal.

There also seems to be another creatore in the image above-left which could be another dinosaur species or another extint animal.. (See and for more information about dinosaurs in old literature, art and history.)

Geographic Evidence

Dr. Cedric Leonard pointed out in his book: "A Geological Study of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge" (1979), that Wegeners theory about the shifting of continents, now known as "plate tectonics", does not mean that a large Mid-Atlantic continent was an impossibility, as this is often thought. Leonard shows that even if all continents were once part of one single huge continent 200 million years ago, there would be still sufficient room for another large continent in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean.

Tectonic Plates
The world's various tectonic plates.

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is an oceanic ridge, a divergent tectonic plate boundary located along the floor of the Atlantic Ocean that extends from the northeast of Greenland southward to the island Bouvet close to Antartica. The discovery of seismic activity at the central cliff would have lead to the theory of the spreading of the ocean and the acceptation of Afred Wegeners' theory of continental drift. According to the theory here we would have, simply said, two enormous tectonic plates that shove from each other where within the ridge is newly formed oceanic crust.

If we examine underwater images (such as we can see with Google Earth) of this ridge, we can see that within the ridge we can see an enormous serrated "crack". These kind of "cracks" are in fact called "fault lines" actually define the borders of a certain tectonic plane. We can see that te fault line of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge exactly crosses the location of where Atlantis would have been situated. This should explain why this continent endured multiple extreme natural disasters for it was situated in a vulnerable area. Could it be that Atlantis sank into the depths of the ocean because of the shifting of the tectonic plates?

The collision of two tectonic plates could actually raise portions of the earth or sea bottom where on the other side portions lower. It is known in this regard that the Himalaya mountains are still rising today. (Source: Edgar Cayce once made a prediction that portions of Atlantis could "rise" in the year 1968 or 1969. This had usually been interpet that parts of Atlantis would raise above sea level but this had not been implicated. From reading 958-3:

"...Poseidia will be among the first portions of Atlantis to rise again. Expect it in sixty-eight and sixty-nine ('68 and '69); not so far away!"

Not only the sea level but also the botom of the sea is able to raise and fall, and perhaps there indeed was a raise of the sea bottom around this year, because the Bimini Road was actually discovered by plane in the year 1968.

The Bimini Road.

The "Bimini Road" is an underwater rock formation near North Bimini island in the Bahamas, off the coast of Florida. It consists of a 0.5 mile (0.8 km) long, northeast-southwest linear feature, composed of roughly rectangular to subrectangular limestone blocks. It looks like a long, artificially created stone wall that once could have been above the sea level. Although many researchers dismiss the Bimini Road as a fully natural formation, any structure that would be affected by a thousand years of water erosion and the growing of sea weed would look naturally, of course. But the curious things are there were found large stones that were piled up onto each other, that certain blocks were cut in a rectangular form, and what seems to be tool marks on numerous blocks, which adds to the evidence that these possibly were artificial, man-made structures. (See the documentary: Search for Edgar Cayce's Atlantis, on Youtube.)

However, various authors that had written about the Edgar Cayce readings erroneosly assumed that these formations in this area must have been once part of the island of Poseidia. Edgar Cayce literary said that Poseidia was merely among the first portions to rise, thus implicating that this wouldn't be the only land. The Edgar Cayce readings clearly stated that, after the island of Poseidia had sunk, its mountain tops had became the islands of the Azores, and not those of the islands of Bimini. Poseidia would have been situated largely a little south and west of the Azores. Also, the sea levels around the Azores islands are known to be slowly rising since at least 1939, while the Bahamas have not.

This is not to say that there would nothing to be found in the area of the Bimini Road according to the Edgar Cayce readings. In fact he actually mentioned that in the Bimini area there could be found records of some kind were kept which would be specific to the methods of construction of the "great crystal", or "firestone". From Edgar Cayce's Reading 440-5:

"As indicated [see 996-12], the records of the manners of construction of same are in three places in the earth, as it stands today: [1] In the sunken portions of Atlantis, or Poseidia, where a portion of the temples may yet be discovered, under the slime of ages of sea water - [2] near what is known as Bimini, off the coast of Florida. And [3] in the temple records that were in Egypt, where the entity later acted in cooperation with others in preserving the records that came from the land where these had been kept."

(If we leave out numbers [1], [2] and [3] in the text above, we can see what caused the confusion that the island of Poseidia would have thought to have been situated in the Bimini region instead of the region of the Azores.)

In the past there were numerous claims within the region of the Bahamas about buildings that were found below the sea. In the year 1968 there would have been an American aircraft pilot that saw large buildings under water during a flight above the Bahamas. Also, according to his own story, Dr. Ray Brown would have found a pyramid in the year 1970, when he was diving in the area of the Bahamas that was as the "Tongue of the Ocean", and where he also would have found a large crystal sphere. Brown would have returned many times to this place but he wasn't able to find the pyramid again. In the year 1977 one would have witnessed a pyramid with a length of 650 feet, which lighted up in a green colour in the dark black water. This discovery was photographed by Arl Marshall's expedition off Cay Sal. Also the expedition of Tony Benik would have witnessed a huge pyramid. In the magazine "The Planetary Connections", British edition, issue 6, Winter 1994/5, there was described the discovery of a pyramid with the area between the island of Bimini and the Cay Sal Bank, with the aid of sonar technology. According to the discoverer Captian Don Henry this pyramid would have been "three hundred feet higher than the Pyramid of Cheops".

Sonar scan of possible megalithic structures.

Stones appear to have been cut with tools.

During July of the year 2000, deep ocean engineers Paul Weinzweig and Paulina Zelitzky discovered with the aid of sonar technology a large megalithic site which is laying 2310 feet below the sea off the western coast of Cuba. (22 00'N, 85 00'W.) The stones that were studied look if they have been cut with tools and seem to be precisely arranged. The structures seem to be part of a large sunken city. According to journalist Luis Mariano Fernández, this city had already been discovered decennia ago by the U.S. government utilizing nuclear submarines during the Cuban missile crisis in the sixties, but all access to this particular area was restricted to prevent it from falling into Russian hands. On May 28 2002, National Geographic officially reported the discovery of these megalithic ruins. The question is of course if these ruins are somehow related to the lost civilization of Atlantis. (Source of the images above:

Another discovery was made during the first quarter of the year 2012, when mainly American and French scientists did find two remarkable pyramids on the seabed within the region of the so-called "Bermuda Triangle" where each of them would be bigger than the largest pyramids of Egypt. Because of the perfect smoothness and the translucent property, these scientists think that these pyramids are possible made from crystal or glass. According to research there would be two large holes at the top of the pyramid where water would pass through at such a high speed that it would create a huge vortex. This discovery could possibly explain the mystery of the ships that went missing in this area if this vortex could have gained such a force under certain conditions that it would be able to drag even ships into the depths of the water.

In the year 2013, yet another pyramidal structure had been discovered on the seabed near the Bank De João de Castro, between the islands of Terceirra and São Miguel (part of the Azores) with the aid of bathymetry readings and it does not seem to be of natural origin. According to its researchers it would 60 meters high and 8000 meters square base - bigger than a football stadium - and its vertexes are aligned with north and south, like the pyramids of Giza. The coordinates of the location were given to Portugese officials for further study. (Source: "Before it's news" and the video: "Underwater Pyramid Discovered in Azores" (Youtube).)

Structure near the Azores

In the beginning of 2009, a grid pattern existing of what looks like a grid of neatly organized "lines" had been spotted by aeronautical engineer Bernie Bamford, while browsing the digital ocean maps with Google Earth (seen in the images above). This grid can be found near the Cruiser Tablemount at the Canary Basin, located in the neighbouring of the west coast of Morocco (31 20'N, 24 19'W).  There had been some speculation whether or not this pattern could be related to Atlantis, until a spokesman from Google explained a few days later that these lines where actually "boat mapping lines":

"What users are seeing is an artifact of the data collection process," a Google spokesperson said in an e-mailed statement. "Bathymetric (or sea-floor terrain) data is often collected from boats using sonar to take measurements of the sea floor. The lines reflect the path of the boat as it gathers the data. The fact that there are blank spots between each of these lines is a sign of how little we really know about the world's oceans." 

"The area reflects a mixture of bathymetric data from sonar and satellite altimetry, which provides an estimate of the ocean floor topography based on wave height. The intersection of these two data sets, which don't align perfectly, is what produces the appearance of a street grid. Similar grid lines can be found in other parts of the ocean where the sea floor has yet to be completely mapped, such as near Hawaii."

(Source: InformationWeek, February 20, 2009)

However, this exact grid pattern was still clearly visible on the later image data from 2010 and 2011. If these were boat lines, would this mean that these boats followed the exact pattern and were repeating the very same mistakes? It is more likely that these later images only recaptured the satellite data and the same sonar data would have been reused from previous years.

2011 Image.
(Click for a larger version)

2012 Image, which shows less detail however.
(Click for a larger version)

Curiously, when the image data from 2012 went online, it showed a lot less detail in this particular area compared to the image data from previous years. In an article dated from February 2th, 2012, Scripps News actually made a reference to this data:

"The original version of Google Ocean was a newly developed prototype map that had high resolution but also contained thousands of blunders related to the original archived ship data," said David Sandwell, a Scripps geophysicist. "UCSD undergraduate students spent the past three years identifying and correcting the blunders as well as adding all the multibeam echosounder data archived at the National Geophysical Data Center in Boulder, Colorado."The Google map now matches the map used in the research community, which makes the Google Earth program much more useful as a tool for planning cruises to uncharted areas," Sandwell added. For example, the updated, more precise data corrects a grid-like artifact on the seafloor that was misinterpreted in the popular press as evidence of the lost city of Atlantis off the coast of North Africa."

(Source: SCRIPPS Institution of Oceanography)

Actually, although certainly not as clear as on the images from previous years, if one looks close enough, the same rectangular grid still can be seen on the image data from 2012. The images are actually less detailled compared to the previous ones, probably because of the application of higher image compression - which serves to reduce load times, though at the expense of a loss in detail. When the grid is zoomed out in Google Earth/Maps we also see light blue patternless rectangles, which differentiates the grid from the nearby surrounding area and before this did not. This, and the absence of certain bumps at the bottom of the seabed - which had been there before - suggests that a lot of detail had been wiped out in that particular area because, according to Google spokesmen, they were merely just image errors.

Could this be what David Sandwell means by: "identifying and correcting the blunders"; the removal or omission of these details? Could it be that Google simply manipulated these images by removing a lot of the sonar data, instead of re-acquiring this kind of data again to get it right? How could the omission of data really give a more precise map?

Nevertheless, if this image data would have been just moderately accurate all the time, this area could indeed once have been been part of an ancient civilization. From the looks of it, these rectangular forms reasonably could not be the tops of buildings or megalithic blocks, otherwise some of these would be over eight miles long (about fifty times the size of a city block in New York City). A more realistic possiblity is that these might have been large canals. Plato's dialog "Critias" (118e) described a waterway system in Atlantis were the inhabitants brought the wood from the mountain to the city and transported the seasonal products in boats through cross connections which they had dug from one canal to the other, and also to the city.

Next: Megalithic Structures

Testimony of Ancient & Lost Civilizations