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The Dogon Tribe and Sirius B
In southern Mali, West Africa, lives a tribe whose members believe they were visited some 3000 years ago by extraterrestrial beings from another star system. From these beings, they had received advanced knowledge about a certain star called Sirius B, which is situated within the star cluster of Pleiades and could not be seen with only the naked eye. These Dogon members did share this knowledge with French anthropologists before its discovery by the western world in the year 1862 as what looked like a white dwarf: a very small star with an incredible mass and density. Its had first been photographed in the year 1970, but western science already knew of its existence. This knowlegde would have been revealed since the year 1946 to the anthroplogists Marcel Griaule and Germain Dieterlen by four Dogon "priests" who would have been initiates of their own esoteric knowlegde. According to one of these priests named Ogotemmelli, at that time, only 15 percent of the tribe's members would have been exposed to this "secret knowlegde".
In the year 1991 the Dutch anthropologist Wouter (Walter) van Beek travelled to Mali to research the matter. He however did not find a single trace of the detailled story about Sirius B. This could mean that this knowlegde eventually became lost or that they didn't tell him (let us not forget it was supposed to be "secret knowlegde"), or that the story of Griaule and Dieterlen was incorrect. The anthropologists M. Griaule and G. Dieterlen shared their information with Robert Temple, who accordingly wrote the book: "The Sirius Mystery" (1975). It is assumed by some that this information became popular due to this book, but other authors already mentioned this information before, like Peter Kolosimo in his book: "Non e terrestre" (1968), were he referred to the information from Prof. Jean Servier, ethnography teacher at Montpellier.
They also would have said there is a third star in this system they call "Emma Ya", which is orbited by a planet. Although we do not know whether or not this star and planet exists, in the year 1995 the French researchers Daniel Benest and J.L. Duvent suggested the possibility of the existence of a third star with the system of Sirius The Dogon also would have known that Saturn has rings, that Jupiter has four moons and that planets orbited around the sun. The tribe woud have made use of four calendars which are based on the sun, the moon, Sirius B and Venus.
According to Griaule al this knowlegde would have been received by amphibious beings who were known as “Nommos”, who would have come from the star system of Sirius. He described these beings as fish-like, shaped as a kind of dolphin. They arrived on planet Earth in a space ship with three triangular “paws”. As soon as they landed, they created water to get into it. They could live as well on land as in water. Some of them stayed in a bigger space ship which orbited in the atmosphere. The word “Nommos” would have been derived from the Dogon word “to drink”, and they also would have called them the "Masters of the Water”, the "Monitors”, and the "Mentors”.
According to the research of Verbeek, Griaule would have gone to far with his conclusions, and that he would have presented his own outrageous assumptions as facts. He even believes that it was Griaule himself who initially told the tribe about Sirius B. According to Verbeek there was also nothing known about so-called "secret" information which was only known by a small number of its inhabitants This however does not mean that this knowlegde couldn't have existed because Verbeek's research was conducted some 35-45 years later. The research mentions the Nommos as "water spirits", where there is no mention about spaceships and such like Griaule described. Anyway, it would be highly unlikely that a primitive tribe like the Dogon would have been talking specifically about spaceships.
This however doesn't rule out the possiblity that these spirits couldn't have been of extraterrestrial origin, because according to the myth they would have descended from the heavens, which is very similar to the previously mentioned Mesopotamian/Biblical story from Genesis about the angels who descended to the earth. (See the chapter: "The Sons of God and the Daughters of Men".) Their mythology seems to be steeped by influences from a multitude of Mesopotamian/Biblical stories (Adam and Eve, Moses) but with substantive differences. Some researchers believe that the Dogon tribe were a division of the people from the early ancient Egyptians.
Ancient Skull Deformations
What was actually the original reason for the deformation of skulls? Could this practice have been the mimicking of people who looked different to ordinary man? And could there be, apart from being a mark of higher status, another practical use for having such long heads, such as the possible belief that the brain could have more room to grow bigger so that one perhaps could be as smart as the "gods" they were possibly mimicking?
The Enigmatic Winged Disk
A depiction of a being with wings is often thought as being a symbol for divinity. Images of a winged disk were commonly seen at wall reliefs and wall paintings of ancient cultures including Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia, Persia (modern day Iran), Anatolia, and ancient Egypt.
Depicted above-left is believed to depict the Assyrian god Ashur, and above-right is shown the Farohar (or Faravahar/Fravahar) known from Zoroastrian religion which still has much followers specifically in India. As one can see, these images are quite similar. The Farohar is one of the primary symbols of Zoroastrianism and is often associated with their god, named Ahura Mazda. According to the Old Persian descriptions there were two rivalling classes of divinities, namely: the "Ahuras", with their chief god Mazda, and the Daevas". The Avestan word "Ahura" derives from Indo-Iranian "Asura" and "Daeva" derives from "Deva". Because of this it is probable that the Assyrian god Ashur and the god Ahura Mazda would be the same dieties.
In ancient Persia the Persian prophet Zoroaster (speculated to have lived between 1,400 and 1,200 BC) begat a vision from the god Ahura Mazda. He believed the Ahuras to be the good divinities and the Daevas the evil ones: the 'wrong gods' or 'false gods' that are to be rejected. In the ancient Indian text called the Rig-Veda, the Devas were described as the "younger gods" which were in conflict with the "Asuras", the older gods", and probably this was about a struggle between the new and the older generations. (Rig-Veda 10.124.3.) In other parts of the Rig-Veda however, the term "Deva" is variously applied to most gods, including many of the Asuras, and in general "Deva" is considered as a collective name for all beings who are at a higher plane of existence, compared to humans. In Avestan language "Daeva" translates to: "a being of shining light", or "shimmering one", in other words: a supernatural or angelic being.
The Behistun Inscription
The bass-relief seen in the image above is known as the Behistun Inscription, a multi-lingual inscription authored by Darius the Great (522-486 BC) located on Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran. On this inscription are three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian (a later form of Akkadian). Like the Egyptian Rosetta Stone, the discovery of this inscription eventually lead to the deciphering of the ancient Babylonian cuneiform script. Here we see presumably Ahura Mazda amidst a "winged disk". Because this depiction gives a much better impression of three dimensional depth, compared to other depictions, it looks like if this character finds himself into a kind of device. Is this image really only a symbol or did people actually percieved this apparition in the sky or in their dreams and visions?
The Farohar is generally thought to be only a symbol of Zoroastrian religion, but its origins are much older, as similar looking "winged disks" can also be seen on the much older Sumerian clay tablets. Also, - as with the Farohar depictions - these "beings" are clearly seen coming out of a rim with wings, appearing to be floating in the sky. Right below the rim there are these two curled or wavy "legs" with two or three toes, sometimes seen as far extended as if it were some kind of cables. On a orthostat relief found in Kapara's palace, dated at the 9th century BC, one can see three satyrs which are holding up such a "winged disk" above their heads, like it was some kind of carriable object. Was this originally merely a symbol or was it once something tangible?
The interpretations of the "winged disk" by todays experts vary greatly. The common belief is that the Farohar and its variations are symbols that are related to "divinity" and possibly kingship. Were these depiction really merely meant as symbolic, could they once have been seen as visions or apparitions in the sky, or could these have been some kind of flying machine?
Mesopotamian "Winged Disk" at the palace of Susa
is actually little known that in the "Hakatha"; the"Laws of the Babylonians", there is the mention of flying
machines. Could this mean that the ancient Babylonians, and possibly the previous Sumerian civilization, once had some kind of
flying machines to their proposal? It
is not known how these machines looked like, but possibly it looked
like the so-called "winged disk" that were depicted on many ancient
Mespotamian bass-reliefs (also known as the "Farohar" from
Zoroastrianism) which may have been some kind of machine before it
was merely used as a symbol. Quoted from the corresponding part of the Hakatha:
"The privilege of operating a flying machine is great. The knowledge of flight is among the most ancient of our inheritances. A gift from 'those from upon high'. We received it from them as a means of saving many lives."
A Hebrew legend about King Solomon tells us that this king had a flying carpet that was 60 miles square by which he was able to travel so fast that he could get from Damascus to Medina within a single day. King Solomon is also mentioned in various religious scriptures as well in the story: "One Thousand and One Nights". It may be that this "winged disks" was some kind of magic flying carpet, or that they used the same method or the same kind technology to fly through the air. Maybe these carpets or "winged disks" contained some copper or other material with magnetic properties, that may be able to float into the air through the means of anti-gravitational forces like those Atlantean flying machines. (See the chapters: "Megalithic Structures: Energy Lines of the Earth" and "Atlantis: Atlantean Flying Machines".)
It goes without saying that the symbol that is known by Egyptologists as the Egyptian "Winged Sun (Disk)", is very reminiscent of those depictions of the Winged Disk from ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. There is an Egyptian text known as: "The Legend of Horus of Behutet and the Winged Disk", from the Ptolemaic Period (305 BC - 30 CE), about the god Heru-Behutet, who flew up into the horizon "in the form of the great Winged Disk'', from where he attacked his enemies which such terrific force that they could neither hear or see, and each of them slew his fellow. (This legend was quite possibly the inspiration for the flying machines in the movie "Stargate".) Heru-Behutet in the form of the Winged Disk was described as "shining with very many colours". After this happening, Horus asked the scribe Thoth to place the symbol of the Winged Disk in every temple and sanctuary as it became the symbol of Horus to warn his enemies to immediately leave the place before one could face his fearful power. (Full text at: www.reshafim.org.il)
Egyptian "Winged Disk"
Historians assume that a pair of falcon wings were a symbol for heaven. During the 5th Egyptian dynasty, the symbol was expanded with a "sun-disk" between the wings, known as the Behedeti ("He of the Colourful Feathers"). The serpents (uraei) are the symbol of wisdom, and were seen on depictions from the late Old Kingdom. The ancient Egyptians saw the sun itself as an egg, namely the egg of the sun god Ra (pronounced as "ray") which was radiating with light. According to various occultists, it would refer to the shell, egg or vehicle of the soul.
According to occultist "Madame" H.P. Blavatsky's work: "the Secret Doctrine" (1888) ", the egg was the symbol of immortality and infinity, and of (re)birth. This winged "egg" was the representation of "devachan"; the heaven/nirvana, and both the rebirth of man and his spiritual renewal. This was the symbol of hope and the second birth, meant both physical and spiritual. Upon death, the soul shall, after his cleansing in "amenti" (the underworld), grow in this egg of immortality and would be re-born from here into a new life on earth.
The author Reuben Swinburne Clymer called this symbol the "Winged Globe" in his book: "The Rosicrucians: Their Teachings" (1910), and his explanation is as follows:
"The Winged Globe is the symbol of the perfected soul making its flight back to the source of its creation in the Elysian fields beyond."
The later ancient Meso-American natives also knew a rather similar symbol to that of the Sumerian, Zoroastrian and Egyptian winged disk; The symbol of the Aztec/Mayan "Thunderbird". The Kwakwak'wakw and Cowichan tribes believed that these "Thunderbirds" were creatures who could shapeshift into human form by tilting back their beaks and by removing their feathers. However, doesn't that sound to us as if they were using some kind of a helmet and a suit? The two images above in the middle are from a large Guatemalan ceramic statue of a so called Aztec "Eagle Warrior", wearing an eagle-like helmet and wings, and thus should remind one of the given descriptions of these "Thunderbirds". Possibly they wore this to confuse their enemy and maybe it was also quite effective as protection to some degrees.
The Feathered Serpent
According to the book: "The Mayan Prophecies" (1995), by Adrian Gilbert and Maurice Cotterell, Kukulkán was forced to flee to the east because of a certain conflict where would have left the Maya people with the promise that he would return some day. Because it had long before been prophetized that Kukulkán would return in the year with the name "1 reed", both the Maya and their enemies the Aztecs, who still had been sacrificing ten-thousands of people every year, believed that it was the righteous Kukulkán who had returned when the Spanish conquest took place in the year 1519. This conquest was led by Hernán Cortés, who believed that these people were some kind of devil worshippers because of their bloody human sacrifices, who had to be forcefully turned to the Catholic belief. As a result of this, most of the books of the indigenous people were burned and most of the ancient legends and knowlegde eventually was lost.
The priest Don Ramon de Ordońez y Aguilar examined the site of Palenque in the year 1773, and wrote about the earliest discriptions of the ruins in his work: "A History of the Creation of Heaven and Earth", which he referred to Palenque as the great city of Nachan ("City of Snakes"). He argued that Palenque had been build by people who arrived overseas by the Atlantic Ocean and were lead by a man called Votan, who had a serpent as his symbol. The story about Votan originally appeared in a book from the early K'iche' group of Maya which had been partly copied by the bishop Nuńes de la Vega before he burned the book in the year 1691. According to the remaining copied text, Votan came into America with his people who wore long garments. The indigenous people welcomed him and subjected to his leadership and the strangers married with their daughters.
Votan would travel four times back and forth over the Atlantic Ocean to his old home, named "Valum Chivim", which Ordońez believed to be Phoenician Tripoli (in Lebanon) and that Votan would be a Phoenician sea traveler. In chapter 4 of his book "Atlantis: The Antediluvian World" (1882), Ignatius Donneley suggested that Votan built Palenque and that "Valum-Votan" may have been a reference to Atlantis. He also noted that the character of Votan is similar to the Germanic god Wotan, and the Norse god Odin, thus possibly were one and the same person. Lewis Spence also associated Votan with the Atlantis legend in his book "Atlantis in America" (1925), where he identified the name Votan as a local name for Quetzalcoatl.
Some Mystic Symbols of Ancient Times
Hindu philosophy (including yoga and tantra) explains these serpents as a repesentation of the so-called Kundalini energy; a for many people usually dormant spiritual energy that, when activated by meditation, flows from the bottom of the spine through the spine in upward direction passing through the chakra's (wheels of cosmic energy) towards the top of the head where the 7th chakra resides which is called the "crown" chakra (Sahasrara). This chakra would connect one with the Divine Source, and the awakening and rise of this energy would increase creativity, inspiration, transformation, healing, energy, consciousness and understanding.
The Fleur-de-Lis was a common Jewish symbol. Lilies were frequently mentioned in the songs of king David and early Jewish coinage featured similar lilies. The Kabbalistic book: The "Zohar", begins with a exposition of the mystical significance of the lily, which it describes as being the symbol of the Jewish congregation during that time. One of the oldest known depictions of this symbol could be seen on the Assyrian bas-reliefs from the 3rd millennium BC. The Fleur-de-Lis eventually began to be adopted as the heraldic symbol of the House of Capet and the kings of France with king Philip I (1052-1108 CE).
In esoteric circles, the Fleur-de-Lis regarded as an esoteric emblem consisting of the pineal gland, the pituitary gland and the thalamus in the centre, which forms the third eye triad. By the use of the third eye, one would be able to witness subtle energies, like auras, that are not visible with merely the physical eyes. One can also find the motive of the Fleur-de-Lis on certain medieval crowns, what is not strange, because the gold and precious stones worn on the head were by some believed to expand the mind to stimulate the wisdom of the king for making the right decisions.
The "Star of David"
The Ankh was also used as a holy symbol that was later adapted by Christianity in the form of the cross, what symbologically only represents the male aspect what is typical for a patriarchal society that is based on power and domination. During Egypt's golden age of peace and enlightenment, Egypt would have been a matriarchal society based on oneness and equality.